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Article

Which Gait Parameters and Walking Patterns Show the Significant Differences Between Parkinson’s Disease and Healthy Participants?

1
Biosignals Lab, School of Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, VIC 3000, Australia
2
Dandenong Neurology, Melbourne, VIC 3175, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Biosensors 2019, 9(2), 59; https://doi.org/10.3390/bios9020059
Received: 29 March 2019 / Revised: 16 April 2019 / Accepted: 22 April 2019 / Published: 25 April 2019
This study investigated the difference in the gait of patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD), age-matched controls and young controls during three walking patterns. Experiments were conducted with 24 PD, 24 age-matched controls and 24 young controls, and four gait intervals were measured using inertial measurement units (IMU). Group differences between the mean and variance of the gait parameters (stride interval, stance interval, swing interval and double support interval) for the three groups were calculated and statistical significance was tested. The results showed that the variance in each of the four gait parameters of PD patients was significantly higher compared with the controls, irrespective of the three walking patterns. This study showed that the variance of any of the gait interval parameters obtained using IMU during any of the walking patterns could be used to differentiate between the gait of PD and control people. View Full-Text
Keywords: Parkinson’s disease; gait; variance; IMU Parkinson’s disease; gait; variance; IMU
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MDPI and ACS Style

Keloth, S.M.; Viswanathan, R.; Jelfs, B.; Arjunan, S.; Raghav, S.; Kumar, D. Which Gait Parameters and Walking Patterns Show the Significant Differences Between Parkinson’s Disease and Healthy Participants? Biosensors 2019, 9, 59. https://doi.org/10.3390/bios9020059

AMA Style

Keloth SM, Viswanathan R, Jelfs B, Arjunan S, Raghav S, Kumar D. Which Gait Parameters and Walking Patterns Show the Significant Differences Between Parkinson’s Disease and Healthy Participants? Biosensors. 2019; 9(2):59. https://doi.org/10.3390/bios9020059

Chicago/Turabian Style

Keloth, Sana M, Rekha Viswanathan, Beth Jelfs, Sridhar Arjunan, Sanjay Raghav, and Dinesh Kumar. 2019. "Which Gait Parameters and Walking Patterns Show the Significant Differences Between Parkinson’s Disease and Healthy Participants?" Biosensors 9, no. 2: 59. https://doi.org/10.3390/bios9020059

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