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Which Gait Parameters and Walking Patterns Show the Significant Differences Between Parkinson’s Disease and Healthy Participants?

Biosignals Lab, School of Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, VIC 3000, Australia
Dandenong Neurology, Melbourne, VIC 3175, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Biosensors 2019, 9(2), 59;
Received: 29 March 2019 / Revised: 16 April 2019 / Accepted: 22 April 2019 / Published: 25 April 2019
PDF [2923 KB, uploaded 13 May 2019]


This study investigated the difference in the gait of patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD), age-matched controls and young controls during three walking patterns. Experiments were conducted with 24 PD, 24 age-matched controls and 24 young controls, and four gait intervals were measured using inertial measurement units (IMU). Group differences between the mean and variance of the gait parameters (stride interval, stance interval, swing interval and double support interval) for the three groups were calculated and statistical significance was tested. The results showed that the variance in each of the four gait parameters of PD patients was significantly higher compared with the controls, irrespective of the three walking patterns. This study showed that the variance of any of the gait interval parameters obtained using IMU during any of the walking patterns could be used to differentiate between the gait of PD and control people. View Full-Text
Keywords: Parkinson’s disease; gait; variance; IMU Parkinson’s disease; gait; variance; IMU

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Keloth, S.M.; Viswanathan, R.; Jelfs, B.; Arjunan, S.; Raghav, S.; Kumar, D. Which Gait Parameters and Walking Patterns Show the Significant Differences Between Parkinson’s Disease and Healthy Participants? Biosensors 2019, 9, 59.

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