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Open AccessArticle

Newly Developed System for the Robust Detection of Listeria monocytogenes Based on a Bioelectric Cell Biosensor

1
EMBIO Diagnostics Ltd., Athalassas Avenue 8, Strovolos, Nicosia 2018, Cyprus
2
Department of Agricultural Sciences, Biotechnology and Food Science, Cyprus University of Technology, 30 Archbishop Kyprianos, Limassol 3036, Cyprus
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Biosensors 2020, 10(11), 178; https://doi.org/10.3390/bios10110178
Received: 12 October 2020 / Revised: 12 November 2020 / Accepted: 14 November 2020 / Published: 17 November 2020
Human food-borne diseases caused by pathogenic bacteria have been significantly increased in the last few decades causing numerous deaths worldwide. The standard analyses used for their detection have significant limitations regarding cost, special facilities and equipment, highly trained staff, and a long procedural time that can be crucial for foodborne pathogens with high hospitalization and mortality rates, such as Listeria monocytogenes. This study aimed to develop a biosensor that could detect L. monocytogenes rapidly and robustly. For this purpose, a cell-based biosensor technology based on the Bioelectric Recognition Assay (BERA) and a portable device developed by EMBIO Diagnostics, called B.EL.D (Bio Electric Diagnostics), were used. Membrane engineering was performed by electroinsertion of Listeria monocytogenes homologous antibodies into the membrane of African green monkey kidney (Vero) cells. The newly developed biosensor was able to detect the pathogen’s presence rapidly (3 min) at concentrations as low as 102 CFU mL−1, demonstrating a higher sensitivity than most existing biosensor-based methods. In addition, lack of cross-reactivity with other Listeria species, as well as with Escherichia coli, was shown, thus, indicating biosensor’s significant specificity against L. monocytogenes. View Full-Text
Keywords: Listeria monocytogenes; cell-based biosensor; bioelectric recognition assay; membrane-engineering Listeria monocytogenes; cell-based biosensor; bioelectric recognition assay; membrane-engineering
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hadjilouka, A.; Loizou, K.; Apostolou, T.; Dougiakis, L.; Inglezakis, A.; Tsaltas, D. Newly Developed System for the Robust Detection of Listeria monocytogenes Based on a Bioelectric Cell Biosensor. Biosensors 2020, 10, 178. https://doi.org/10.3390/bios10110178

AMA Style

Hadjilouka A, Loizou K, Apostolou T, Dougiakis L, Inglezakis A, Tsaltas D. Newly Developed System for the Robust Detection of Listeria monocytogenes Based on a Bioelectric Cell Biosensor. Biosensors. 2020; 10(11):178. https://doi.org/10.3390/bios10110178

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hadjilouka, Agni; Loizou, Konstantinos; Apostolou, Theofylaktos; Dougiakis, Lazaros; Inglezakis, Antonios; Tsaltas, Dimitrios. 2020. "Newly Developed System for the Robust Detection of Listeria monocytogenes Based on a Bioelectric Cell Biosensor" Biosensors 10, no. 11: 178. https://doi.org/10.3390/bios10110178

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