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Green Synthesis of Nanomaterials
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Green Micro- and Nanoemulsions for Managing Parasites, Vectors and Pests

1
School of Pharmacy, University of Camerino, via Sant’Agostino, 62032 Camerino, Italy
2
Crop Research Institute, Drnovska 507, 161 06 Prague 6, Ruzyne, Czech Republic
3
Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of Pisa, via del Borghetto 80, 56124 Pisa, Italy
4
Department of Translational Research, N.T.M.S., University of Pisa, 56124 Pisa, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(9), 1285; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9091285
Received: 19 July 2019 / Revised: 2 August 2019 / Accepted: 12 August 2019 / Published: 9 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Green Synthesis of Nanomaterials)
The management of parasites, insect pests and vectors requests development of novel, effective and eco-friendly tools. The development of resistance towards many drugs and pesticides pushed scientists to look for novel bioactive compounds endowed with multiple modes of action, and with no risk to human health and environment. Several natural products are used as alternative/complementary approaches to manage parasites, insect pests and vectors due to their high efficacy and often limited non-target toxicity. Their encapsulation into nanosystems helps overcome some hurdles related to their physicochemical properties, for instance limited stability and handling, enhancing the overall efficacy. Among different nanosystems, micro- and nanoemulsions are easy-to-use systems in terms of preparation and industrial scale-up. Different reports support their efficacy against parasites of medical importance, including Leishmania, Plasmodium and Trypanosoma as well as agricultural and stored product insect pests and vectors of human diseases, such as Aedes and Culex mosquitoes. Overall, micro- and nanoemulsions are valid options for developing promising eco-friendly tools in pest and vector management, pending proper field validation. Future research on the improvement of technical aspects as well as chronic toxicity experiments on non-target species is needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: agricultural pests; dengue; filariasis; insecticides; larvicides; mosquito control; stored product insects agricultural pests; dengue; filariasis; insecticides; larvicides; mosquito control; stored product insects
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Pavoni, L.; Pavela, R.; Cespi, M.; Bonacucina, G.; Maggi, F.; Zeni, V.; Canale, A.; Lucchi, A.; Bruschi, F.; Benelli, G. Green Micro- and Nanoemulsions for Managing Parasites, Vectors and Pests. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 1285.

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