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Plasmonic Colour Printing by Light Trapping in Two-Metal Nanostructures

School of Physics and CRANN, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin D2, Ireland
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Nanomaterials 2019, 9(7), 963; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9070963
Received: 29 May 2019 / Revised: 26 June 2019 / Accepted: 27 June 2019 / Published: 1 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Low-Dimensional Nanomaterials for Photonics and Optoelectronics)
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Abstract

Structural colour generation by nanoscale plasmonic structures is of major interest for non-bleaching colour printing, anti-counterfeit measures and decoration applications. We explore the physics of a two-metal plasmonic nanostructure consisting of metallic nanodiscs separated from a metallic back-reflector by a uniform thin polymer film and investigate the potential for vibrant structural colour in reflection. We demonstrate that light trapping within the nanostructures is the primary mechanism for colour generation. The use of planar back-reflector and polymer layers allows for less complex fabrication requirements and robust structures, but most significantly allows for the easy incorporation of two different metals for the back-reflector and the nanodiscs. The simplicity of the structure is also suitable for scalability. Combinations of gold, silver, aluminium and copper are considered, with wide colour gamuts observed as a function of the polymer layer thickness. The structural colours are also shown to be insensitive to the viewing angle. Structures of copper nanodiscs with an aluminium back-reflector produce the widest colour gamut. View Full-Text
Keywords: plasmonic colour printing; light trapping; two-metal nanostructures plasmonic colour printing; light trapping; two-metal nanostructures
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Wilson, K.; Marocico, C.A.; Pedrueza-Villalmanzo, E.; Smith, C.; Hrelescu, C.; Bradley, A.L. Plasmonic Colour Printing by Light Trapping in Two-Metal Nanostructures. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 963.

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