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Open AccessArticle

Combined Influence of Meso- and Macroporosity of Soft-Hard Templated Carbon Electrodes on the Performance of Li-O2 Cells with Different Configurations

1
Departamento de Ingeniería Mecánica, Energética y de los Materiales, Universidad de Extremadura, Centro Universitario de Mérida, 06800 Mérida, Spain
2
Institut de Ciència de Materials de Barcelona, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (ICMAB-CSIC), Campus UAB, ES 08193 Bellaterra, Spain
3
Laboratory of Chemistry of Materials and Environment, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, University Cadi Ayyad, Bd. Abdelkrim El Khattabi, B.P. 618 Guéliz, 40100 Marrakesh, Morocco
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(6), 810; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9060810
Received: 6 May 2019 / Revised: 19 May 2019 / Accepted: 23 May 2019 / Published: 28 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nano Carbon for Batteries Applications)
Li-O2 batteries can offer large discharge capacities, but this depends on the morphology of the discharged Li2O2, which in turn is strongly affected by the nanostructured carbon used as support in the air cathode. However, the relation with the textural parameters is complex. To investigate the combined effect of channels of different sizes, meso-macroporous carbons with similar mesopore volume but different pore size distribution were prepared from the polymerization of resorcinol-formaldehyde (RF) in the presence of surfactants and micro-CaCO3 particles. The carbon materials were used as active materials of air cathodes flooded by ionic liquid-based electrolytes in Li-O2 cells with two different configurations, one with a static electrolyte and the other with a stirred electrolyte, which favor a film-like and large particle deposition, respectively. The presence of large pores enhances the discharge capacity with both mechanisms. Conversely, with respect to the reversible capacity, the trend depends on the cell configuration, with macroporosity favoring better performance with static, but poorer with stirred electrolytes. However, all mesoporous carbons demonstrated larger reversible capacity than a purely macroporous electrode made of carbon black. These results indicate that in addition to pore volume, a proper arrangement of large and small pores is important for discharge capacity, while an extended interface can enhance reversibility in Li–O2 battery cathodes. View Full-Text
Keywords: meso-macroporous carbons; resorcinol-formaldehyde xerogels; pore size distribution; lithium-air battery; cell configuration meso-macroporous carbons; resorcinol-formaldehyde xerogels; pore size distribution; lithium-air battery; cell configuration
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MDPI and ACS Style

Olivares-Marín, M.; Aklalouch, M.; Tonti, D. Combined Influence of Meso- and Macroporosity of Soft-Hard Templated Carbon Electrodes on the Performance of Li-O2 Cells with Different Configurations. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 810.

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