Design and Fabrication of Wafer-Level Microlens Array with Moth-Eye Antireflective Nanostructures
AbstractWafer-level packaging (WLP) based camera module production has attracted widespread industrial interest because it offers high production efficiency and compact modules. However, suppressing the surface Fresnel reflection losses is challenging for wafer-level microlens arrays. Traditional dielectric antireflection (AR) coatings can cause wafer warpage and coating fractures during wafer lens coating and reflow. In this paper, we present the fabrication of a multiscale functional structure-based wafer-level lens array incorporating moth-eye nanostructures for AR effects, hundred-micrometer-level aspherical lenses for camera imaging, and a wafer-level substrate for wafer assembly. The proposed fabrication process includes manufacturing a wafer lens array metal mold using ultraprecise machining, chemically generating a nanopore array layer, and replicating the multiscale wafer lens array using ultraviolet nanoimprint lithography. A 50-mm-diameter wafer lens array is fabricated containing 437 accurate aspherical microlenses with diameters of 1.0 mm; each lens surface possesses nanostructures with an average period of ~120 nm. The microlens quality is sufficient for imaging in terms of profile accuracy and roughness. Compared to lenses without AR nanostructures, the transmittance of the fabricated multiscale lens is increased by ~3% under wavelengths of 400–750 nm. This research provides a foundation for the high-throughput and low-cost industrial application of wafer-level arrays with AR nanostructures. View Full-Text
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Xie, S.; Wan, X.; Yang, B.; Zhang, W.; Wei, X.; Zhuang, S. Design and Fabrication of Wafer-Level Microlens Array with Moth-Eye Antireflective Nanostructures. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 747.
Xie S, Wan X, Yang B, Zhang W, Wei X, Zhuang S. Design and Fabrication of Wafer-Level Microlens Array with Moth-Eye Antireflective Nanostructures. Nanomaterials. 2019; 9(5):747.Chicago/Turabian Style
Xie, Shuping; Wan, Xinjun; Yang, Bo; Zhang, Wei; Wei, Xiaoxiao; Zhuang, Songlin. 2019. "Design and Fabrication of Wafer-Level Microlens Array with Moth-Eye Antireflective Nanostructures." Nanomaterials 9, no. 5: 747.
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