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Nanomaterials 2019, 9(4), 549; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9040549

Large Scale Synthesis of Nanopyramidal-Like VO2 Films by an Oxygen-Assisted Etching Growth Method with Significantly Enhanced Field Emission Properties

1
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China
2
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 March 2019 / Revised: 20 March 2019 / Accepted: 28 March 2019 / Published: 4 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue From Nanomaterials to Intelligent Nanosystems)
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Abstract

The present investigation reported on a novel oxygen-assisted etching growth method that can directly transform wafer-scale plain VO2 thin films into pyramidal-like VO2 nanostructures with highly improved field-emission properties. The oxygen applied during annealing played a key role in the formation of the special pyramidal-like structures by introducing thin oxygen-rich transition layers on the top surfaces of the VO2 crystals. An etching related growth and transformation mechanism for the synthesis of nanopyramidal films was proposed. Structural characterizations confirmed the formation of a composite VO2 structure of monoclinic M1 (P21/c) and Mott insulating M2 (C2/m) phases for the films at room temperature. Moreover, by varying the oxygen concentration, the nanocrystal morphology of the VO2 films could be tuned, ranging over pyramidal, dot, and/or twin structures. These nanopyramidal VO2 films showed potential benefits for application such as temperature−regulated field emission devices. For one typical sample deposited on a 3-inch silicon substrate, its emission current (measured at 6 V/μm) increased by about 1000 times after the oxygen-etching treatment, and the field enhancement factor β reached as high as 3810 and 1620 for the M and R states, respectively. The simple method reported in the present study may provide a protocol for building a variety of large interesting surfaces for VO2-based device applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: vanadium oxide; nanopyramid; metal-insulator phase transition; oxygen etching; field-emission property vanadium oxide; nanopyramid; metal-insulator phase transition; oxygen etching; field-emission property
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Zhang, Z.; Feng, Y.; Gao, Y.; Chen, D.; Shao, G. Large Scale Synthesis of Nanopyramidal-Like VO2 Films by an Oxygen-Assisted Etching Growth Method with Significantly Enhanced Field Emission Properties. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 549.

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