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Nanomaterials 2019, 9(3), 445; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9030445

Incorporating N Atoms into SnO2 Nanostructure as an Approach to Enhance Gas Sensing Property for Acetone

1
Organic Optoelectronics Engineering Research Center of Fujian’s Universities, Fujian Jiangxia University, Fuzhou 350108, China
2
College of Environment and Resources, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350108, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 February 2019 / Revised: 7 March 2019 / Accepted: 11 March 2019 / Published: 15 March 2019
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Abstract

The development of high-performance acetone gas sensor is of great significance for environmental protection and personal safety. SnO2 has been intensively applied in chemical sensing areas, because of its low cost, high mobility of electrons, and good chemical stability. Herein, we incorporated nitrogen atoms into the SnO2 nanostructure by simple solvothermal and subsequent calcination to improve gas sensing property for acetone. The crystallization, morphology, element composition, and microstructure of as-prepared products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), Raman spectroscopy, UV–visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UV–vis DRS), and the Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) method. It has been found that N-incorporating resulted in decreased crystallite size, reduced band-gap width, increased surface oxygen vacancies, enlarged surface area, and narrowed pore size distribution. When evaluated as gas sensor, nitrogen-incorporated SnO2 nanostructure exhibited excellent sensitivity for acetone gas at the optimal operating temperature of 300 °C with high sensor response (Rair/Rgas − 1 = 357) and low limit of detection (7 ppb). The nitrogen-incorporated SnO2 gas sensor shows a good selectivity to acetone in the interfering gases of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, hydrogen, and methane. Furthermore, the possible gas-sensing mechanism of N-incorporated SnO2 toward acetone has been carefully discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: acetone gas sensor; nitrogen incorporating; mesoporous structure; tin oxide acetone gas sensor; nitrogen incorporating; mesoporous structure; tin oxide
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Guan, X.; Wang, Y.; Luo, P.; Yu, Y.; Chen, D.; Li, X. Incorporating N Atoms into SnO2 Nanostructure as an Approach to Enhance Gas Sensing Property for Acetone. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 445.

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