Black Phosphorus Nano-Polarizer with High Extinction Ratio in Visible and Near-Infrared Regime
State Key Laboratory of Precision Measuring Technology and Instruments, Tianjin University, Weijin Road, Tianjin 300072, China
Nanchang Institute for Microtechnology of Tianjin University, Weijin Road, Tianjin 300072, China
Institute of Experimental Physics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, A-4040 Linz, Austria
Key Laboratory of All Optical Network and Advanced Telecommunication Network of Ministry of Education, Institute of Lightwave Technology, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 December 2018 / Revised: 23 January 2019 / Accepted: 24 January 2019 / Published: 29 January 2019
We study computationally the design of a high extinction ratio nano polarizer based on black phosphorus (BP). A scattering-matrix calculation method is applied to compute the overall polarization extinction ratio along two orthogonal directions. The results reveal that, with a resonance cavity of SiO2
, both BP/
/Si and h
/Si configurations can build a linear polarizer with extinction ratio higher than 16 dB at a polarized wavelength in the range of 400 nm–900 nm. The polarization wavelength is tunable by adjusting the thickness of the BP layer while the thicknesses of the isotrocpic layers are in charge of extinction ratios. The additional top layer of h
-BN was used to prevent BP degradation from oxidation and strengthens the practical applications of BP polarizer. The study shows that the BP/
/Si structure, with a silicon compatible and easy-to-realize method, is a valuable solution when designing polarization functional module in integrated photonics and optical communications circuits.
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Shen, W.; Hu, C.; Huo, S.; Sun, Z.; Fan, G.; Liu, J.; Sun, L.; Hu, X. Black Phosphorus Nano-Polarizer with High Extinction Ratio in Visible and Near-Infrared Regime. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 168.
Shen W, Hu C, Huo S, Sun Z, Fan G, Liu J, Sun L, Hu X. Black Phosphorus Nano-Polarizer with High Extinction Ratio in Visible and Near-Infrared Regime. Nanomaterials. 2019; 9(2):168.
Shen, Wanfu; Hu, Chunguang; Huo, Shuchun; Sun, Zhaoyang; Fan, Guofang; Liu, Jing; Sun, Lidong; Hu, Xiaotang. 2019. "Black Phosphorus Nano-Polarizer with High Extinction Ratio in Visible and Near-Infrared Regime." Nanomaterials 9, no. 2: 168.
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