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Open AccessArticle

-1-5753907Highly Sensitive Plasmonic Sensor Based on a Dual-Side Polished Photonic Crystal Fiber for Component Content Sensing Applications

1
Shanghai Key Laboratory of Modern Optical System, School of Optical-Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai 200093, China
2
Shanghai Institute of Intelligent Science and Technology, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(11), 1587; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9111587 (registering DOI)
Received: 17 October 2019 / Revised: 4 November 2019 / Accepted: 7 November 2019 / Published: 8 November 2019
:A plasmonic sensor based on a dual-side polished photonic crystal fiber operating in a telecommunication wavelength range is proposed and investigated numerically by the finite element method (FEM). We study the effects of structural parameters on the sensor’s performance and analyze their tuning effects on loss spectra. As a result, two configurations are found when the analyte refractive index (RI) changes from 1.395 to 1.415. For configuration 1, an RI resolution of 9.39 × 10−6, an average wavelength sensitivity of 10,650 nm/RIU (the maximum wavelength sensitivity is 12,400 nm/RIU), an amplitude sensitivity of 252 RIU−1 and a linearity of 0.99692 are achieved. For configuration 2, the RI resolution, average wavelength sensitivity, amplitude sensitivity and linearity are 1.19 × 10−5, 8400 nm/RIU, 85 RIU−1 and 0.98246, respectively. The combination of both configurations can broaden the wavelength range for the sensing detection. Additionally, the sensor has a superior figure of merit (FOM) to a single-side polished design. The proposed sensor has a maximum wavelength sensitivity, amplitude sensitivity and RI resolution of the same order magnitude as that of existing sensors as well as higher linearity, which allows it to fulfill the requirements for modern sensing of being densely compact, amenable to integration, affordable and capable of remote sensing.
Keywords: photonic crystal fiber; fiber design; sensor; surface plasmon resonance photonic crystal fiber; fiber design; sensor; surface plasmon resonance
MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, N.; Chang, M.; Zhang, X.; Zhou, J.; Lu, X.; Zhuang, S. -1-5753907Highly Sensitive Plasmonic Sensor Based on a Dual-Side Polished Photonic Crystal Fiber for Component Content Sensing Applications. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 1587.

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