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Catalytic Effect of Facile Synthesized TiH1.971 Nanoparticles on the Hydrogen Storage Properties of MgH2

1
School of Energy and Power, Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, Zhenjiang 212003, China
2
Institute of Nuclear Physics and Chemistry, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621999, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(10), 1370; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9101370
Received: 14 August 2019 / Revised: 16 September 2019 / Accepted: 23 September 2019 / Published: 24 September 2019
Catalytic doping plays an important role in enhancing the hydrogen storage performance of MgH2, while finding an efficient and reversible catalyst remains to be a great challenge in enhancing the de/rehydrogenation properties of MgH2. Herein, a bidirectional nano-TiH1.971 catalyst was prepared by a wet chemical ball milling method and its effect on hydrogen storage properties of MgH2 was studied. The results showed that all the TiH1.971 nanoparticles were effective in improving the de/rehydrogenation kinetics of MgH2. The MgH2 composites doped with TiH1.971 could desorb 6.5 wt % H2 in 8 min at 300 °C, while the pure MgH2 only released 0.3 wt % H2 in 8 min and 1.5 wt % H2 even in 50 min. It was found that the smaller the size of the TiH1.971 particles, the better was the catalytic effect in promoting the performance of MgH2. Besides, the catalyst concentration also played an important role and the 5 wt %-c-TiH1.971 modified system was found to have the best hydrogen storage performance. Interestingly, a significant hydrogen absorption amount of 4.60 wt % H2 was evidenced for the 5 wt %-c-TiH1.971 doped MgH2 within 10 min at 125 °C, while MgH2 absorbed only 4.11 wt% hydrogen within the same time at 250 °C. The XRD results demonstrated that the TiH1.971 remained stable in cycling and could serve as an active site for hydrogen transportation, which contributed to the significant improvement of the hydrogen storage properties of MgH2. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrogen storage; MgH2; TiH1.971; catalytic effect; reversibility hydrogen storage; MgH2; TiH1.971; catalytic effect; reversibility
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Zhang, L.; Lu, X.; Ji, L.; Yan, N.; Sun, Z.; Zhu, X. Catalytic Effect of Facile Synthesized TiH1.971 Nanoparticles on the Hydrogen Storage Properties of MgH2. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 1370.

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