Next Article in Journal
A Controllability Investigation of Magnetic Properties for FePt Alloy Nanocomposite Thin Films
Previous Article in Journal
Preparation of Magnetic Fe3O4/MIL-88A Nanocomposite and Its Adsorption Properties for Bromophenol Blue Dye in Aqueous Solution
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessCommunication
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(1), 52; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9010052

New Polymers for Needleless Electrospinning from Low-Toxic Solvents

1
Faculty of Engineering and Mathematics, Bielefeld University of Applied Sciences, 33619 Bielefeld, Germany
2
Faculty of Physics, Bielefeld University, 33615 Bielefeld, Germany
3
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Paderborn University, 33098 Paderborn, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 November 2018 / Revised: 26 December 2018 / Accepted: 27 December 2018 / Published: 2 January 2019
Full-Text   |   PDF [3230 KB, uploaded 3 January 2019]   |  

Abstract

Electrospinning is a new technology whose scope is gradually being developed. For this reason, the number of known polymer–solvent combinations for electrospinning is still very low despite the enormous variety of substances that are potentially available. In particular, electrospinning from low-toxic solvents, such as the use of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) in medical technology, is rare in the relevant scientific literature. Therefore, we present in this work a series of new polymers that are applicable for electrospinning from DMSO. From a wide range of synthetic polymers tested, poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVOH), poly(2ethyl2oxazolene) (PEOZ), and poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) as water-soluble polymers and poly(styrene-co-acrylonitrile) (SAN), poly(vinyl alcohol-co-ethylene) (EVOH), and acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) as water-insoluble polymers were found to be suitable for the production of nanofibers. Furthermore, the influence of acetone as a volatile solvent additive in DMSO on the fiber morphology of these polymers was investigated. Analyses of the fiber morphology by helium ion microscopy (HIM) showed significantly different fiber diameters for different polymers and a reduction in beads and branches with increasing acetone content. View Full-Text
Keywords: electrospinning; nanofiber; polymer solution; acetone; DMSO; water-soluble polymers electrospinning; nanofiber; polymer solution; acetone; DMSO; water-soluble polymers
Figures

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Wortmann, M.; Frese, N.; Sabantina, L.; Petkau, R.; Kinzel, F.; Gölzhäuser, A.; Moritzer, E.; Hüsgen, B.; Ehrmann, A. New Polymers for Needleless Electrospinning from Low-Toxic Solvents. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 52.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nanomaterials EISSN 2079-4991 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top