Next Article in Journal
Optical Properties of Tensilely Strained Ge Nanomembranes
Next Article in Special Issue
Properties, Preparation and Applications of Low Dimensional Transition Metal Dichalcogenides
Previous Article in Journal
Facile and Robust Solvothermal Synthesis of Nanocrystalline CuInS2 Thin Films
Previous Article in Special Issue
Self-Assembled Ag-Cu2O Nanocomposite Films at Air-Liquid Interfaces for Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering and Electrochemical Detection of H2O2
Article Menu
Issue 6 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nanomaterials 2018, 8(6), 406;

Aerosol Synthesis of N and N-S Doped and Crumpled Graphene Nanostructures

Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, Università degli Studi di Padova, 35122 Padova, Italy
Present address: School of Chemistry, University of Bristol, Cantocks Close, Bristol BS8 1TS, UK.
Present address: Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie GmbH, Hahn-Meitner-Platz 1, D-14109 Berlin, Germany.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 May 2018 / Revised: 29 May 2018 / Accepted: 30 May 2018 / Published: 6 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Synthesis, Structure and Applications of 2D Nanomaterials)
Full-Text   |   PDF [12523 KB, uploaded 6 June 2018]   |  


Chemically modified graphene–based materials (CMG) are currently attracting a vast interest in their application in different fields. In particular, heteroatom-doped graphenes have revealed great potentialities in the field of electrocatalysis as substitutes of fuel cell noble metal–based catalysts. In this work, we investigate an innovative process for doping graphene nanostructures. We optimize a novel synthetic route based on aerosol preparation, which allows the simultaneous doping, crumpling, and reduction of graphene oxide (GO). Starting from aqueous solutions containing GO and the dopant precursors, we synthesize N- and N,S-dual-doped 3D graphene nanostructures (N-cGO and N,S-cGO). In the aerosol process, every aerosol droplet can be considered as a microreactor where dopant precursors undergo thermal decomposition and react with the GO flakes. Simultaneously, thanks to the relatively high temperature, GO undergoes crumpling and partial reduction. Using a combination of spectroscopic and microscopic characterization techniques, we investigate the morphology of the obtained materials and the chemical nature of the dopants within the crumpled graphene sheets. This study highlights the versatility of the aerosol process for the design of new CMG materials with tailored electrocatalytic properties. View Full-Text
Keywords: graphene; chemically modified graphene; crumpled graphene; nitrogen doping; sulfur doping; dual doping; aerosol synthesis graphene; chemically modified graphene; crumpled graphene; nitrogen doping; sulfur doping; dual doping; aerosol synthesis

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material


Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Carraro, F.; Cattelan, M.; Favaro, M.; Calvillo, L. Aerosol Synthesis of N and N-S Doped and Crumpled Graphene Nanostructures. Nanomaterials 2018, 8, 406.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Nanomaterials EISSN 2079-4991 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top