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Nanomaterials 2018, 8(4), 230; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano8040230

Tailored Synthesis of Core-Shell Mesoporous Silica Particles—Optimization of Dye Sorption Properties

Faculty of Chemistry, Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa 2, 30-387 Krakow, Poland
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Received: 19 March 2018 / Revised: 30 March 2018 / Accepted: 5 April 2018 / Published: 10 April 2018
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Abstract

Monodisperse spherical silica particles, with solid cores and mesoporous shells (SCMS), were synthesized at various temperatures using a one-pot method utilizing a cationic surfactant template. The temperature of the synthesis was found to significantly affect the diameters of both the cores (ca. 170–800 nm) and shells (ca. 11–80 nm) of the particles, which can be tailored for specific applications that require a high specific surface area of the nanocarriers (mesoporous shells) and simultaneously their mechanical robustness for, e.g., facile isolation from suspensions (dense cores). The applied method enabled the formation of the relatively thick mesoporous shells at conditions below room temperature. Radially ordered pores with narrow distributions of their sizes in 3–4 nm range were found in the shells. The adsorption ability of the SCMS particles was studied using rhodamine 6G as a model dye. Decolorization of the dye solution in the presence of the SCMS particles was correlated with their structure and specific surface area and reached its maximum for the particles synthesized at 15 °C. The presented strategy may be applied for the fine-tuning of the structure of SCMS particles and the enhancement of their adsorption capabilities. View Full-Text
Keywords: core-shell nanoparticles; mesoporous silica; surfactant templating synthesis; dye adsorption; radially ordered mesopores core-shell nanoparticles; mesoporous silica; surfactant templating synthesis; dye adsorption; radially ordered mesopores
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Baliś, A.; Zapotoczny, S. Tailored Synthesis of Core-Shell Mesoporous Silica Particles—Optimization of Dye Sorption Properties. Nanomaterials 2018, 8, 230.

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