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Nanomaterials 2018, 8(2), 65; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano8020065

Recent Advances in Nanoporous Membranes for Water Purification

1
AnHui Province Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic and Magnetism Functional Materials, Anqing Normal University, Anqing 246011, China
2
Hybrid Materials Interfaces Group, Faculty of Production Engineering and Center for Environmental Research and Sustainable technology (UFT), University of Bremen, D-28359 Bremen, Germany
3
CAS Key Laboratory of Magnetic Materials and Devices, Key Laboratory of Additive Manufacturing Materials of Zhejiang Province, Division of Functional Materials and Nanodevices, Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ningbo 315201, China
4
MAPEX Center for Materials and Processes, University of Bremen, Am Fallturm 1, D-28359 Bremen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 December 2017 / Revised: 18 January 2018 / Accepted: 23 January 2018 / Published: 25 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Synthesis, Structure and Applications of 2D Nanomaterials)
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Abstract

Nanoporous materials exhibit wide applications in the fields of electrocatalysis, nanodevice fabrication, energy, and environmental science, as well as analytical science. In this review, we present a summary of recent studies on nanoporous membranes for water purification application. The types and fabrication strategies of various nanoporous membranes are first introduced, and then the fabricated nanoporous membranes for removing various water pollutants, such as salt, metallic ions, anions, nanoparticles, organic chemicals, and biological substrates, are demonstrated and discussed. This work will be valuable for readers to understand the design and fabrication of various nanoporous membranes, and their potential purification mechanisms towards different water pollutants. In addition, it will be helpful for developing new nanoporous materials for quick, economic, and high-performance water purification. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanoporous membrane; two-dimensional materials; water purification; water pollutants; purification mechanism; graphene; fabrication nanoporous membrane; two-dimensional materials; water purification; water pollutants; purification mechanism; graphene; fabrication
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Wang, Z.; Wu, A.; Colombi Ciacchi, L.; Wei, G. Recent Advances in Nanoporous Membranes for Water Purification. Nanomaterials 2018, 8, 65.

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