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Open AccessArticle

Construction of Hierarchical CuO/Cu2[email protected]2S4 Nanowire Arrays on Copper Foam for High Performance Supercapacitor Electrodes

1
Key Laboratory for Ultrafine Materials of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, 200237 Shanghai, China
2
Centre of Polymer Systems, Tomas Bata University in Zlin, nam. T. G. Masaryka 5555, 760 01 Zlin, Czech Republic
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2017, 7(9), 273; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano7090273
Received: 13 August 2017 / Revised: 11 September 2017 / Accepted: 11 September 2017 / Published: 15 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanomaterials Based Fuel Cells and Supercapacitors)
Hierarchical copper oxide @ ternary nickel cobalt sulfide (CuO/Cu2[email protected]2S4) core-shell nanowire arrays on Cu foam have been successfully constructed by a facile two-step strategy. Vertically aligned CuO/Cu2O nanowire arrays are firstly grown on Cu foam by one-step thermal oxidation of Cu foam, followed by electrodeposition of NiCo2S4 nanosheets on the surface of CuO/Cu2O nanowires to form the CuO/Cu2[email protected]2S4 core-shell nanostructures. Structural and morphological characterizations indicate that the average thickness of the NiCo2S4 nanosheets is ~20 nm and the diameter of CuO/Cu2O core is ~50 nm. Electrochemical properties of the hierarchical composites as integrated binder-free electrodes for supercapacitor were evaluated by various electrochemical methods. The hierarchical composite electrodes could achieve ultrahigh specific capacitance of 3.186 F cm−2 at 10 mA cm−2, good rate capability (82.06% capacitance retention at the current density from 2 to 50 mA cm−2) and excellent cycling stability, with capacitance retention of 96.73% after 2000 cycles at 10 mA cm−2. These results demonstrate the significance of optimized design and fabrication of electrode materials with more sufficient electrolyte-electrode interface, robust structural integrity and fast ion/electron transfer. View Full-Text
Keywords: copper oxide; nickel cobalt sulfide; hierarchical composite nanowires; supercapacitor; electrochemical properties copper oxide; nickel cobalt sulfide; hierarchical composite nanowires; supercapacitor; electrochemical properties
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Zhou, L.; He, Y.; Jia, C.; Pavlinek, V.; Saha, P.; Cheng, Q. Construction of Hierarchical CuO/Cu2[email protected]2S4 Nanowire Arrays on Copper Foam for High Performance Supercapacitor Electrodes. Nanomaterials 2017, 7, 273.

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