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Article

3D Printed Metal Oxide-Polymer Composite Materials for Antifouling Applications

1
Center of Materials Technology and Photonics, Hellenic Mediterranean University, 71410 Heraklion, Greece
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Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation for Research & Technology-Hellas, 70013 Heraklion, Greece
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Department of Materials Science and Technology, University of Crete, 70013 Heraklion, Greece
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Institute of Marine Biology, Biotechnology and Aquaculture, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, 71500 Heraklion, Greece
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National Institute for Research and Development in Microtechnologies (IMT-Bucharest), 023573 Bucharest, Romania
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Electron Microscopy Center “Prof. C. Craciun”, Faculty of Biology & Geology, “Babes-Bolyai” University, 400006 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
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Electron Microscopy Integrated Laboratory, National Institute for R&D of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, 400293 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Rosa Freitas
Nanomaterials 2022, 12(6), 917; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12060917
Received: 28 January 2022 / Revised: 3 March 2022 / Accepted: 7 March 2022 / Published: 10 March 2022
Current technology to prevent biofouling usually relies on the use of toxic, biocide-containing materials, which can become a serious threat to marine ecosystems, affecting both targeted and nontargeted organisms. Therefore, the development of broad-spectrum, less toxic antifouling materials is a challenge for researchers; such materials would be quite important in applications like aquaculture. In this respect, surface chemistry, physical properties, durability and attachment scheme can play a vital role in the performance of the materials. In this work, acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)/micro ZnO or nano ZnO composite lattices with different metal oxide contents were developed using 3D printing. Their antifouling behavior was examined with respect to aquaculture applications by monitoring growth on them of the diatoms Navicula sp. and the monocellular algae Chlorella sp. with image analysis techniques. As shown, the presence of metal oxides in the composite materials can bring about antifouling ability at particular concentrations. The present study showed promising results, but further improvements are needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: ZnO based ABS composites; 3D printing; antifouling properties; aquaculture ZnO based ABS composites; 3D printing; antifouling properties; aquaculture
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bouranta, A.; Tudose, I.V.; Georgescu, L.; Karaiskou, A.; Vrithias, N.R.; Viskadourakis, Z.; Kenanakis, G.; Sfakaki, E.; Mitrizakis, N.; Strakantounas, G.; Papandroulakis, N.; Romanitan, C.; Pachiu, C.; Tutunaru, O.; Barbu-Tudoran, L.; Suchea, M.P.; Koudoumas, E. 3D Printed Metal Oxide-Polymer Composite Materials for Antifouling Applications. Nanomaterials 2022, 12, 917. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12060917

AMA Style

Bouranta A, Tudose IV, Georgescu L, Karaiskou A, Vrithias NR, Viskadourakis Z, Kenanakis G, Sfakaki E, Mitrizakis N, Strakantounas G, Papandroulakis N, Romanitan C, Pachiu C, Tutunaru O, Barbu-Tudoran L, Suchea MP, Koudoumas E. 3D Printed Metal Oxide-Polymer Composite Materials for Antifouling Applications. Nanomaterials. 2022; 12(6):917. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12060917

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bouranta, Andrianna, Ioan Valentin Tudose, Luciana Georgescu, Anna Karaiskou, Nikolaos Rafail Vrithias, Zacharias Viskadourakis, George Kenanakis, Efsevia Sfakaki, Nikolaos Mitrizakis, George Strakantounas, Nikolaos Papandroulakis, Cosmin Romanitan, Cristina Pachiu, Oana Tutunaru, Lucian Barbu-Tudoran, Mirela Petruta Suchea, and Emmanouel Koudoumas. 2022. "3D Printed Metal Oxide-Polymer Composite Materials for Antifouling Applications" Nanomaterials 12, no. 6: 917. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12060917

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