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Review

Nanotechnology in the Restoration of Polluted Soil

1
Academy of Biology and Biotechnology, Southern Federal University, 344090 Rostov-on-Don, Russia
2
Department of Environmental Science, V.B.S. Purvanhal University, Jaunpur 222003, India
3
InnovPlantProtect Collaborative Laboratory, Department of Protection of Specific Crops, 7350-999 Elvas, Portugal
4
Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanning 530007, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andreu Cabot
Nanomaterials 2022, 12(5), 769; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12050769
Received: 29 December 2021 / Revised: 18 February 2022 / Accepted: 23 February 2022 / Published: 24 February 2022
The advancements in nanoparticles (NPs) may be lighting the sustainable and eco-friendly path to accelerate the removal of toxic compounds from contaminated soils. Many efforts have been made to increase the efficiency of phytoremediation, such as the inclusion of chemical additives, the application of rhizobacteria, genetic engineering, etc. In this context, the integration of nanotechnology with bioremediation has introduced new dimensions for revamping the remediation methods. Hence, advanced remediation approaches combine nanotechnological and biological remediation methods in which the nanoscale process regulation supports the adsorption and deterioration of pollutants. Nanoparticles absorb/adsorb a large variety of contaminants and also catalyze reactions by lowering the energy required to break them down, owing to their unique surface properties. As a result, this remediation process reduces the accumulation of pollutants while limiting their spread from one medium to another. Therefore, this review article deals with all possibilities for the application of NPs for the remediation of contaminated soils and associated environmental concerns. View Full-Text
Keywords: pollution; heavy metals and metalloids; phytoremediation potential; phytorestoration strategy; nanotechnology pollution; heavy metals and metalloids; phytoremediation potential; phytorestoration strategy; nanotechnology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rajput, V.D.; Minkina, T.; Upadhyay, S.K.; Kumari, A.; Ranjan, A.; Mandzhieva, S.; Sushkova, S.; Singh, R.K.; Verma, K.K. Nanotechnology in the Restoration of Polluted Soil. Nanomaterials 2022, 12, 769. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12050769

AMA Style

Rajput VD, Minkina T, Upadhyay SK, Kumari A, Ranjan A, Mandzhieva S, Sushkova S, Singh RK, Verma KK. Nanotechnology in the Restoration of Polluted Soil. Nanomaterials. 2022; 12(5):769. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12050769

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rajput, Vishnu D., Tatiana Minkina, Sudhir K. Upadhyay, Arpna Kumari, Anuj Ranjan, Saglara Mandzhieva, Svetlana Sushkova, Rupesh K. Singh, and Krishan K. Verma. 2022. "Nanotechnology in the Restoration of Polluted Soil" Nanomaterials 12, no. 5: 769. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12050769

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