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Article

In-Situ Biofabrication of Silver Nanoparticles in Ceiba pentandra Natural Fiber Using Entada spiralis Extract with Their Antibacterial and Catalytic Dye Reduction Properties

1
Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra, Kuala Lumpur 54100, Malaysia
2
Centre for Virus and Vaccine Research, Sunway University, Bandar Sunway 47500, Malaysia
3
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan 25200, Malaysia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2020, 10(6), 1104; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10061104
Received: 5 March 2020 / Revised: 5 April 2020 / Accepted: 7 April 2020 / Published: 3 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Nanomaterials in Biomedicine)
It is believed of great interest to incorporate silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) into stable supported materials using biological methods to control the adverse properties of nanoscale particles. In this study, in-situ biofabrication of Ag-NPs using Entada spiralis (E. spiralis) aqueous extract in Ceiba pentandra (C. pentandra) fiber as supporting material was used in which, the E. spiralis extract acted as both reducing and stabilizing agents to incorporate Ag-NPs in the C. pentandra fiber. The properties of Ag-NPs incorporated in the C. pentandra fiber (C. pentandra/Ag-NPs) were characterized using UV-visible spectroscopy (UV-vis), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Field Emission Transmission Electron Microscope (FETEM), Scanning Electron Microscope (Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), Thermogravimetric (TGA) and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) analyses. The average size of Ag-NPs measured using FETEM image was 4.74 nm spherical in shape. The C. pentandra/Ag-NPs was easily separated after application, and could control the release of Ag-NPs to the environment due to its strong attachment in C. pentandra fiber. The C. pentandra/Ag-NPs exposed good qualitative and quantitative antibacterial activities against Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 25923), Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC 29212), Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922) and Proteus vulgaris (ATCC 33420). The dye catalytic properties of C. pentandra/Ag-NPs revealed the dye reduction time in which it was completed within 4 min for 20 mg/L rhodamine B and 20 min for 20 mg/L methylene blue dye, respectively. Based on the results, it is evident that C. pentandra/Ag-NPs are potentially promising to be applied in wound healing, textile, wastewater treatment, food packaging, labeling and biomedical fields. View Full-Text
Keywords: silver nanoparticles; Entada spiralis; Ceiba pentandra; antibacterial assay; catalytic dye reduction silver nanoparticles; Entada spiralis; Ceiba pentandra; antibacterial assay; catalytic dye reduction
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wan Mat Khalir, W.K.A.; Shameli, K.; Jazayeri, S.D.; Othman, N.A.; Che Jusoh, N.W.; Mohd Hassan, N. In-Situ Biofabrication of Silver Nanoparticles in Ceiba pentandra Natural Fiber Using Entada spiralis Extract with Their Antibacterial and Catalytic Dye Reduction Properties. Nanomaterials 2020, 10, 1104. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10061104

AMA Style

Wan Mat Khalir WKA, Shameli K, Jazayeri SD, Othman NA, Che Jusoh NW, Mohd Hassan N. In-Situ Biofabrication of Silver Nanoparticles in Ceiba pentandra Natural Fiber Using Entada spiralis Extract with Their Antibacterial and Catalytic Dye Reduction Properties. Nanomaterials. 2020; 10(6):1104. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10061104

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wan Mat Khalir, Wan K.A., Kamyar Shameli, Seyed D. Jazayeri, Nor A. Othman, Nurfatehah W. Che Jusoh, and Norazian Mohd Hassan. 2020. "In-Situ Biofabrication of Silver Nanoparticles in Ceiba pentandra Natural Fiber Using Entada spiralis Extract with Their Antibacterial and Catalytic Dye Reduction Properties" Nanomaterials 10, no. 6: 1104. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10061104

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