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Novel Nanohybrids Based on Supramolecular Assemblies of Meso-tetrakis-(4-sulfonatophenyl) Porphyrin J-aggregates and Amine-Functionalized Carbon Nanotubes

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CNR-ISMN, Istituto per lo Studio dei Materiali Nanostrutturati c/o Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, Biologiche, Farmaceutiche ed Ambientali, Università di Messina, V. le F. Stagno D’Alcontres 31, 98166 Messina, Italy
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Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, Biologiche, Farmaceutiche ed Ambientali, Università di Messina, V. le F. Stagno D’Alcontres 31, 98166 Messina, Italy
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Consorzio Interuniversitario Nazionale di Ricerca in Metodologie e Processi Innovativi di Sintesi, C.I.N.M.P.I.S., Unità Operativa dell’Università di Messina, V. le F. Stagno D’Alcontres, 3198166 Messina, Italy
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Consorzio Interuniversitario di Ricerca in Chimica dei Metalli nei Sistemi Biologici, C.I.R.C.M.S.B, Unità Operativa dell’Università di Messina, V. le F. Stagno D’Alcontres, 31, 98166 Messina, Italy
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2020, 10(4), 669; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10040669
Received: 13 February 2020 / Revised: 14 March 2020 / Accepted: 26 March 2020 / Published: 2 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbon Nanomaterials for Therapy, Diagnosis, and Biosensing)
The ability of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) covalently functionalized with polyamine chains of different length (ethylenediamine, EDA and tetraethylenepentamine, EPA) to induce the J-aggregation of meso-tetrakis(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphyrin (TPPS) was investigated in different experimental conditions. Under mild acidic conditions, protonated amino groups allow for the assembly by electrostatic interaction with the diacid form of TPPS, leading to hybrid nanomaterials. The presence of only one pendant amino group for a chain in EDA does not lead to any aggregation, whereas EPA (with four amine groups for chain) is effective in inducing J-aggregation using different mixing protocols. These nanohybrids have been characterized through UV/Vis extinction, fluorescence emission, resonance light scattering and circular dichroism spectroscopy. Their morphology and chemical composition have been elucidated through transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM). TEM and STEM analysis evidence single or bundles of MWCNTs in contact with TPPS J-aggregates nanotubes. The nanohybrids are quite stable for days, even in aqueous solutions mimicking physiological medium (NaCl 0.15 M). This property, together with their peculiar optical features in the therapeutic window of visible spectrum, make them potentially useful for biomedical applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: porphyrin; J-aggregates; carbon nanotubes; nanohybrids porphyrin; J-aggregates; carbon nanotubes; nanohybrids
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MDPI and ACS Style

Trapani, M.; Mazzaglia, A.; Piperno, A.; Cordaro, A.; Zagami, R.; Castriciano, M.A.; Romeo, A.; Monsù Scolaro, L. Novel Nanohybrids Based on Supramolecular Assemblies of Meso-tetrakis-(4-sulfonatophenyl) Porphyrin J-aggregates and Amine-Functionalized Carbon Nanotubes. Nanomaterials 2020, 10, 669.

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