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Open AccessArticle

pH-Sensitive Hydrogel for Micro-Fluidic Valve

1
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117576, Singapore
2
Institute of High Performance Computing, Agency of Science, Technology and Research, 1 Fusionopolis Way, #16-16 Connexis, Singapore 138632, Singapore
3
ICAM, State Key Laboratory for Mechanical Structure Strength and Vibration, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
4
Engineering Science Programme, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117576, Singapore
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Funct. Biomater. 2012, 3(3), 464-479; https://doi.org/10.3390/jfb3030464
Received: 30 May 2012 / Revised: 24 June 2012 / Accepted: 4 July 2012 / Published: 10 July 2012
The deformation behavior of a pH-sensitive hydrogel micro-fluidic valve system is investigated using inhomogeneous gel deformation theory, in which the fluid-structure interaction (FSI) of the gel solid and fluid flow in the pipe is considered. We use a finite element method with a well adopted hydrogel constitutive equation, which is coded in commercial software, ABAQUS, to simulate the hydrogel valve swelling deformation, while FLUENT is adopted to model the fluid flow in the pipe of the hydrogel valve system. The study demonstrates that FSI significantly affects the gel swelling deformed shapes, fluid flow pressure and velocity patterns. FSI has to be considered in the study on fluid flow regulated by hydrogel microfluidic valve. The study provides a more accurate and adoptable model for future design of new pH-sensitive hydrogel valves, and also gives a useful guideline for further studies on hydrogel fluidic applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrogel; finite element; fluid structure interaction; micro-fluidic valve hydrogel; finite element; fluid structure interaction; micro-fluidic valve
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Zhang, Y.; Liu, Z.; Swaddiwudhipong, S.; Miao, H.; Ding, Z.; Yang, Z. pH-Sensitive Hydrogel for Micro-Fluidic Valve. J. Funct. Biomater. 2012, 3, 464-479.

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