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Information 2018, 9(3), 50; https://doi.org/10.3390/info9030050

Agent-Based Simulation of Children’s School Travel Mode with Parental Escort Decisions

School of Automotive and Traffic Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
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Received: 8 February 2018 / Revised: 24 February 2018 / Accepted: 24 February 2018 / Published: 28 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Information Applications)
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Abstract

In the last few years, the number of private cars has expanding quickly in China, more and more parents use cars to escort their children to school, thus cause serious traffic congestions near school in many cities. In this paper, we developed an agent-based model (ABM) of the parents’ choice of escort mode. The core of this model is an escort mode choice motivation adjustment function that combines distance, traffic safety and social influence. We also used ABM to exhibit the emergent decoy effect phenomenon, which is a dynamic phenomenon that the introduction of a decoy to the choice-set could increase the share of other alternatives. The model reveals the parents’ inner psychological mechanism when facing competing escort mode choice in transportation system. The simulation results show that the proportion of parents to choose bus escort was 62.45% without the decoy effect was introduced, while the proportion of parents to choose bus escort increased to 74.29% with the decoy effect was entry. The use of the ABM method gives the potential to cope with the dynamic changes in studying parent escort mode choice behavior. View Full-Text
Keywords: agent-based model; children; parental escort decision; school travel mode; decoy effect agent-based model; children; parental escort decision; school travel mode; decoy effect
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Jing, P.; You, Q.; Chen, L. Agent-Based Simulation of Children’s School Travel Mode with Parental Escort Decisions. Information 2018, 9, 50.

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