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Information 2018, 9(11), 263; https://doi.org/10.3390/info9110263

Context-Aware Data Dissemination for ICN-Based Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks

1
State Key Laboratory of Networking and Switching Technology, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876, China
2
Key Laboratory of Embedded System and Service Computing, Ministry of Education, Tongji University, Shanghai 201804, China
3
RISE SICS, 16440 Kista, Sweden
4
Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Lulea University of Technology, 97187 Lulea, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 August 2018 / Revised: 12 October 2018 / Accepted: 17 October 2018 / Published: 23 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Information-Centric Networking)
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Abstract

Information-centric networking (ICN) technology matches many major requirements of vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) in terms of its connectionless networking paradigm accordant with the dynamic environments of VANETs and is increasingly being applied to VANETs. However, wireless transmissions of packets in VANETs using ICN mechanisms can lead to broadcast storms and channel contention, severely affecting the performance of data dissemination. At the same time, frequent changes of topology due to driving at high speeds and environmental obstacles can also lead to link interruptions when too few vehicles are involved in data forwarding. Hence, balancing the number of forwarding vehicular nodes and the number of copies of packets that are forwarded is essential for improving the performance of data dissemination in information-centric networking for vehicular ad-hoc networks. In this paper, we propose a context-aware packet-forwarding mechanism for ICN-based VANETs. The relative geographical position of vehicles, the density and relative distribution of vehicles, and the priority of content are considered during the packet forwarding. Simulation results show that the proposed mechanism can improve the performance of data dissemination in ICN-based VANET in terms of a successful data delivery ratio, packet loss rate, bandwidth usage, data response time, and traversed hops. View Full-Text
Keywords: information-centric networking (ICN); vehicular ad-hoc network (VANET); broadcast data suppression; distance-based forwarding; vehicular density information-centric networking (ICN); vehicular ad-hoc network (VANET); broadcast data suppression; distance-based forwarding; vehicular density
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Li, Y.; Shi, X.; Lindgren, A.; Hu, Z.; Zhang, P.; Jin, D.; Zhou, Y. Context-Aware Data Dissemination for ICN-Based Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks. Information 2018, 9, 263.

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