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Optimization of a Pre-Trained AlexNet Model for Detecting and Localizing Image Forgeries

Department of Information Technology, Faculty of Computers and Artificial Intelligent, Cairo University, Giza 12613, Egypt
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Information 2020, 11(5), 275; https://doi.org/10.3390/info11050275
Received: 20 April 2020 / Revised: 8 May 2020 / Accepted: 13 May 2020 / Published: 20 May 2020
With the advance of many image manipulation tools, carrying out image forgery and concealing the forgery is becoming easier. In this paper, the convolution neural network (CNN) innovation for image forgery detection and localization is discussed. A novel image forgery detection model using AlexNet framework is introduced. We proposed a modified model to optimize the AlexNet model by using batch normalization instead of local Response normalization, a maxout activation function instead of a rectified linear unit, and a softmax activation function in the last layer to act as a classifier. As a consequence, the AlexNet proposed model can carry out feature extraction and as well as detection of forgeries without the need for further manipulations. Throughout a number of experiments, we examine and differentiate the impacts of several important AlexNet design choices. The proposed networks model is applied on CASIA v2.0, CASIA v1.0, DVMM, and NIST Nimble Challenge 2017 datasets. We also apply k-fold cross-validation on datasets to divide them into training and test data samples. The experimental results achieved prove that the proposed model can accomplish a great performance for detecting different sorts of forgeries. Quantitative performance analysis of the proposed model can detect image forgeries with 98.176% accuracy. View Full-Text
Keywords: convolutional neural networks; AlexNet; activation function; forgery detection; batch normalization convolutional neural networks; AlexNet; activation function; forgery detection; batch normalization
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Samir, S.; Emary, E.; El-Sayed, K.; Onsi, H. Optimization of a Pre-Trained AlexNet Model for Detecting and Localizing Image Forgeries. Information 2020, 11, 275.

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