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Formal Ontologies in Information Systems Development: A Systematic Review

Faculty of Informatics and Management, Department of Information Technologies, University of Hradec Králové, 500 03 Hradec Králové, Czech Republic
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Information 2020, 11(2), 66; https://doi.org/10.3390/info11020066
Received: 18 December 2019 / Revised: 20 January 2020 / Accepted: 22 January 2020 / Published: 27 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 10th Anniversary of Information—Emerging Research Challenges)
Computational ontologies are machine-processable structures which represent particular domains of interest. They integrate knowledge which can be used by humans or machines for decision making and problem solving. The main aim of this systematic review is to investigate the role of formal ontologies in information systems development, i.e., how these graphs-based structures can be beneficial during the analysis and design of the information systems. Specific online databases were used to identify studies focused on the interconnections between ontologies and systems engineering. One-hundred eighty-seven studies were found during the first phase of the investigation. Twenty-seven studies were examined after the elimination of duplicate and irrelevant documents. Mind mapping was substantially helpful in organising the basic ideas and in identifying five thematic groups that show the main roles of formal ontologies in information systems development. Formal ontologies are mainly used in the interoperability of information systems, human resource management, domain knowledge representation, the involvement of semantics in unified modelling language (UML)-based modelling, and the management of programming code and documentation. We explain the main ideas in the reviewed studies and suggest possible extensions to this research. View Full-Text
Keywords: formal ontology; information system; conceptualisation; software development; software design; semantic web; UML; OWL formal ontology; information system; conceptualisation; software development; software design; semantic web; UML; OWL
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Husáková, M.; Bureš, V. Formal Ontologies in Information Systems Development: A Systematic Review. Information 2020, 11, 66.

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