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Open AccessArticle

A Big Data Analytics Approach for the Development of Advanced Cardiology Applications

1
Department of Mathematics, Computer, Physics and Hearth Sciences (MIFT), University of Messina, 98122 Messina, Italy
2
BIG DATA Laboratory, CINI–Consorzio Interuniversitario Nazionale per l’Informatica, 00185 Rome, Italy
3
IRCCS Centro Neurolesi “Bonino-Pulejo”, 98124 Messina, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current address: Viale F. Stagno d’Alcontres, 31 98166 Messina, Italy.
Information 2020, 11(2), 60; https://doi.org/10.3390/info11020060
Received: 16 November 2019 / Revised: 20 January 2020 / Accepted: 20 January 2020 / Published: 23 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Big Data Evaluation and Non-Relational Databases in eHealth)
Nowadays, we are observing a growing interest about Big Data applications in different healthcare sectors. One of this is definitely cardiology. In fact, electrocardiogram produces a huge amount of data about the heart health status that need to be stored and analysed in order to detect a possible issues. In this paper, we focus on the arrhythmia detection problem. Specifically, our objective is to address the problem of distributed processing considering big data generated by electrocardiogram (ECG) signals in order to carry out pre-processing analysis. Specifically, an algorithm for the identification of heartbeats and arrhythmias is proposed. Such an algorithm is designed in order to carry out distributed processing over the Cloud since big data could represent the bottleneck for cardiology applications. In particular, we implemented the Menard algorithm in Apache Spark in order to process big data coming form ECG signals in order to identify arrhythmias. Experiments conducted using a dataset provided by the Physionet.org European ST-T Database show an improvement in terms of response times. As highlighted by our outcomes, our solution provides a scalable and reliable system, which may address the challenges raised by big data in healthcare. View Full-Text
Keywords: Big Data; spark; cardiology; electrocardiogram (ECG); arrhythmia Big Data; spark; cardiology; electrocardiogram (ECG); arrhythmia
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Carnevale, L.; Celesti, A.; Fazio, M.; Villari, M. A Big Data Analytics Approach for the Development of Advanced Cardiology Applications. Information 2020, 11, 60.

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