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A Two-Stage Household Electricity Demand Estimation Approach Based on Edge Deep Sparse Coding

School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Changping District, Beijing 102206, China
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Information 2019, 10(7), 224; https://doi.org/10.3390/info10070224
Received: 16 May 2019 / Revised: 10 June 2019 / Accepted: 24 June 2019 / Published: 1 July 2019
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Abstract

The widespread popularity of smart meters enables the collection of an immense amount of fine-grained data, thereby realizing a two-way information flow between the grid and the customer, along with personalized interaction services, such as precise demand response. These services basically rely on the accurate estimation of electricity demand, and the key challenge lies in the high volatility and uncertainty of load profiles and the tremendous communication pressure on the data link or computing center. This study proposed a novel two-stage approach for estimating household electricity demand based on edge deep sparse coding. In the first sparse coding stage, the status of electrical devices was introduced into the deep non-negative k-means-singular value decomposition (K-SVD) sparse algorithm to estimate the behavior of customers. The patterns extracted in the first stage were used to train the long short-term memory (LSTM) network and forecast household electricity demand in the subsequent 30 min. The developed method was implemented on the Python platform and tested on AMPds dataset. The proposed method outperformed the multi-layer perception (MLP) by 51.26%, the autoregressive integrated moving average model (ARIMA) by 36.62%, and LSTM with shallow K-SVD by 16.4% in terms of mean absolute percent error (MAPE). In the field of mean absolute error and root mean squared error, the improvement was 53.95% and 36.73% compared with MLP, 28.47% and 23.36% compared with ARIMA, 11.38% and 18.16% compared with LSTM with shallow K-SVD. The results of the experiments demonstrated that the proposed method can provide considerable and stable improvement in household electricity demand estimation. View Full-Text
Keywords: deep K-SVD; household electricity demand estimation; patterns extraction; smart meters data analytics deep K-SVD; household electricity demand estimation; patterns extraction; smart meters data analytics
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Liu, Y.; Sun, Y.; Li, B. A Two-Stage Household Electricity Demand Estimation Approach Based on Edge Deep Sparse Coding. Information 2019, 10, 224.

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