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A Hierarchical Resource Allocation Scheme Based on Nash Bargaining Game in VANET

School of Computer Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
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Information 2019, 10(6), 196; https://doi.org/10.3390/info10060196
Received: 21 March 2019 / Revised: 10 May 2019 / Accepted: 28 May 2019 / Published: 4 June 2019
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Abstract

Due to the selfishness of vehicles and the scarcity of spectrum resources, how to realize fair and effective spectrum resources allocation has become one of the primary tasks in VANET. In this paper, we propose a hierarchical resource allocation scheme based on Nash bargaining game. Firstly, we analyze the spectrum resource allocation problem between different Road Side Units (RSUs), which obtain resources from the central cloud. Thereafter, considering the difference of vehicular users (VUEs), we construct the matching degree index between VUEs and RSUs. Then, we deal with the spectrum resource allocation problem between VUEs and RSUs. To reduce computational overhead, we transform the original problem into two sub-problems: power allocation and slot allocation, according to the time division multiplexing mechanism. The simulation results show that the proposed scheme can fairly and effectively allocate resources in VANET according to VUEs’ demand. View Full-Text
Keywords: VANET; resource allocation; edge cloud computing; Nash bargaining game VANET; resource allocation; edge cloud computing; Nash bargaining game
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Zhao, X.; Zhang, X.; Li, Y. A Hierarchical Resource Allocation Scheme Based on Nash Bargaining Game in VANET. Information 2019, 10, 196.

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