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Information 2019, 10(4), 130;

Combined Recommendation Algorithm Based on Improved Similarity and Forgetting Curve

School of Maritime Economics and Management, Dalian Maritime University, Liaoning 116026, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 December 2018 / Revised: 8 March 2019 / Accepted: 3 April 2019 / Published: 8 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modern Recommender Systems: Approaches, Challenges and Applications)
PDF [820 KB, uploaded 8 April 2019]


The recommendation algorithm in e-commerce systems is faced with the problem of high sparsity of users’ score data and interest’s shift, which greatly affects the performance of recommendation. Hence, a combined recommendation algorithm based on improved similarity and forgetting curve is proposed. Firstly, the Pearson similarity is improved by a wide range of weighted factors to enhance the quality of Pearson similarity for high sparse data. Secondly, the Ebbinghaus forgetting curve is introduced to track a user’s interest shift. User score is weighted according to the residual memory of forgetting function. Users’ interest changing with time is tracked by scoring, which increases both accuracy of recommendation algorithm and users’ satisfaction. The two algorithms are then combined together. Finally, the MovieLens dataset is employed to evaluate different algorithms and results show that the proposed algorithm decreases mean absolute error (MAE) by 12.2%, average coverage 1.41%, and increases average precision by 10.52%, respectively.
Keywords: forgetting curve; combined recommendation; collaborative filter; similarity degree forgetting curve; combined recommendation; collaborative filter; similarity degree
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Li, T.; Jin, L.; Wu, Z.; Chen, Y. Combined Recommendation Algorithm Based on Improved Similarity and Forgetting Curve. Information 2019, 10, 130.

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