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Open AccessArticle

Case Studies of Energy Storage with Fuel Cells and Batteries for Stationary and Mobile Applications

1
Department of Chemistry, Centre for Nanostructured Interfaces and Surfaces (NIS), University of Turin, 10125 Torino, Italy
2
Tecnodelta Srl., 10034 Chivasso, Italy
3
Stones Sas., 10093 Collegno, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Annalisa Paolone and Lorenzo Ulivi
Challenges 2017, 8(1), 9; https://doi.org/10.3390/challe8010009
Received: 31 January 2017 / Revised: 13 March 2017 / Accepted: 20 March 2017 / Published: 22 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected papers from Thematic Meeting “Materials for Energy”)
In this paper, hydrogen coupled with fuel cells and lithium-ion batteries are considered as alternative energy storage methods. Their application on a stationary system (i.e., energy storage for a family house) and a mobile system (i.e., an unmanned aerial vehicle) will be investigated. The stationary systems, designed for off-grid applications, were sized for photovoltaic energy production in the area of Turin, Italy, to provide daily energy of 10.25 kWh. The mobile systems, to be used for high crane inspection, were sized to have a flying range of 120 min, one being equipped with a Li-ion battery and the other with a proton-exchange membrane fuel cell. The systems were compared from an economical point of view and a life cycle assessment was performed to identify the main contributors to the environmental impact. From a commercial point of view, the fuel cell and the electrolyzer, being niche products, result in being more expensive with respect to the Li-ion batteries. On the other hand, the life cycle assessment (LCA) results show the lower burdens of both technologies. View Full-Text
Keywords: fuel cell; battery; life cycle assessment; integrated power system; unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) fuel cell; battery; life cycle assessment; integrated power system; unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)
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Belmonte, N.; Luetto, C.; Staulo, S.; Rizzi, P.; Baricco, M. Case Studies of Energy Storage with Fuel Cells and Batteries for Stationary and Mobile Applications. Challenges 2017, 8, 9.

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