Next Article in Journal
The Wickedness and Complexity of Decision Making in Geoengineering
Previous Article in Journal
The Radiation Environment of Exoplanet Atmospheres
Open AccessReview

Advances in Packaging Methods, Processes and Systems

Department of Industrial Technology, Jordan College of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, California State University, Fresno, CA 93740, USA
Challenges 2014, 5(2), 374-389; https://doi.org/10.3390/challe5020374
Received: 30 June 2014 / Revised: 17 October 2014 / Accepted: 27 October 2014 / Published: 31 October 2014
The food processing and packaging industry is becoming a multi-trillion dollar global business. The reason is that the recent increase in incomes in traditionally less economically developed countries has led to a rise in standards of living that includes a significantly higher consumption of packaged foods. As a result, food safety guidelines have been more stringent than ever. At the same time, the number of research and educational institutions—that is, the number of potential researchers and stakeholders—has increased in the recent past. This paper reviews recent developments in food processing and packaging (FPP), keeping in view the aforementioned advancements and bearing in mind that FPP is an interdisciplinary area in that materials, safety, systems, regulation, and supply chains play vital roles. In particular, the review covers processing and packaging principles, standards, interfaces, techniques, methods, and state-of-the-art technologies that are currently in use or in development. Recent advances such as smart packaging, non-destructive inspection methods, printing techniques, application of robotics and machineries, automation architecture, software systems and interfaces are reviewed. View Full-Text
Keywords: packaging; automation system; machines; sensors; software packaging; automation system; machines; sensors; software
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Mahalik, N.P. Advances in Packaging Methods, Processes and Systems. Challenges 2014, 5, 374-389.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Access Map

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop