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Article

Emerging Hindu Rashtra and Its Impact on Indian Muslims

Department of Political Science and International Relations, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jeffrey Haynes
Religions 2021, 12(9), 693; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12090693
Received: 22 July 2021 / Revised: 21 August 2021 / Accepted: 24 August 2021 / Published: 27 August 2021
This article examines the impact of the gradual Hindutvaization of Indian culture and politics on Indian Muslims. The article contrasts the status of Muslims in the still secular, pluralistic, and democratic constitution of India with the rather marginalized reality of Muslims since the rise of Hindu nationalism. The article argues that successive electoral victories by Hindu nationalist party, the Bharatiya Janata Party, has precipitated political events, generated policies, and passed new laws that are eroding the democratic nature of India and undermining its religious freedoms. The article documents recent changes that are expediting the emergence of the Hindu state in India and consequently exposes the world’s largest religious minority to an intolerant form of majoritarian governance.
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Keywords: Hindu rashtra; Hindu state; India; Indian Muslims; democracy; religious freedom; secularism; Hindutva; pluralism; Islamophobia; majoritarianism Hindu rashtra; Hindu state; India; Indian Muslims; democracy; religious freedom; secularism; Hindutva; pluralism; Islamophobia; majoritarianism
MDPI and ACS Style

Khan, M.A.M.; Lutful, R.B. Emerging Hindu Rashtra and Its Impact on Indian Muslims. Religions 2021, 12, 693. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12090693

AMA Style

Khan MAM, Lutful RB. Emerging Hindu Rashtra and Its Impact on Indian Muslims. Religions. 2021; 12(9):693. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12090693

Chicago/Turabian Style

Khan, M. A. Muqtedar, and Rifat Binte Lutful. 2021. "Emerging Hindu Rashtra and Its Impact on Indian Muslims" Religions 12, no. 9: 693. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12090693

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