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Article

Co-Creating Ritual Spaces and Communities: An Analysis of Municipal Cemetery Tongerseweg, Maastricht, 1812–2020

1
Department of Christianity and the History of Ideas, Faculty of Theology and Religious Studies, University of Groningen, Oude Boteringestraat 38, 9712 GK Groningen, The Netherlands
2
Department of Humanities, Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, University of Luxembourg, 11, Porte des Sciences, 4366 Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg
3
Center for Thanatology/Department of Comparative Religion, Faculty of Philosophy, Theology and Religious Studies, Radboud University, Erasmusplein 1, 6525 HT Nijmegen, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Religions 2020, 11(9), 435; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel11090435
Received: 27 June 2020 / Revised: 2 August 2020 / Accepted: 19 August 2020 / Published: 24 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exploring Ritual Fields Today)
Cemeteries have been viewed in opposed ways as ritual spaces that either mirror society or present an idealized model of society. In this article, we propose an analysis of cemeteries as ritual spaces, focused on the case study of municipal cemetery Tongerseweg in Maastricht, among the most important monumental cemeteries still in active use in The Netherlands today. Drawing on historical as well as interview material, spatial and ritual studies, the authors argue for a new “Arena Model” to understand cemeteries as dynamic ritual spaces. Cemeteries do not only form an ensemble of ritual spaces that are reliant on pre-existing communities, they also evoke, produce and maintain communities. Codeterminants are the physical layout and a wide range of ritual markers that variously underscore, mitigate or even contradict the communities created by the spatial layout. Important actors pertain to municipal politics and administration as well as the users, their respective allies and service providers. The article further analyses the wide range of competing values that help to shape a cycle of cocreating plural ritual spaces as well as communities. View Full-Text
Keywords: ritual dynamics; space; boundaries; cemetery; religious groups; minority groups; arena; pluralization; cocreation ritual dynamics; space; boundaries; cemetery; religious groups; minority groups; arena; pluralization; cocreation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jedan, C.; Kmec, S.; Kolnberger, T.; Venbrux, E.; Westendorp, M. Co-Creating Ritual Spaces and Communities: An Analysis of Municipal Cemetery Tongerseweg, Maastricht, 1812–2020. Religions 2020, 11, 435. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel11090435

AMA Style

Jedan C, Kmec S, Kolnberger T, Venbrux E, Westendorp M. Co-Creating Ritual Spaces and Communities: An Analysis of Municipal Cemetery Tongerseweg, Maastricht, 1812–2020. Religions. 2020; 11(9):435. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel11090435

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jedan, Christoph, Sonja Kmec, Thomas Kolnberger, Eric Venbrux, and Mariske Westendorp. 2020. "Co-Creating Ritual Spaces and Communities: An Analysis of Municipal Cemetery Tongerseweg, Maastricht, 1812–2020" Religions 11, no. 9: 435. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel11090435

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