Next Article in Journal
Religion: A Source of Fundamentalism or A Safeguard Against It?
Previous Article in Journal
How Accurately Could Early (622-900 C.E.) Muslims Determine the Direction of Prayers (Qibla)?
Previous Article in Special Issue
Coloring the World: Some Thoughts from Jain and Buddhist Narratives
Open AccessArticle

Traces of Reciprocal Exchange: From Roman Pictorial Models to the World’s Earliest Depictions of Some Narrative Motifs in Andhra Reliefs

by Monika Zin 1,2
1
Saxon Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Leipzig University, 04109 Leipzig, Germany
2
Institute for Indology and Central Asian Studies, Leipzig University, 04109 Leipzig, Germany
Religions 2020, 11(3), 103; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel11030103
Received: 24 November 2019 / Revised: 3 January 2020 / Accepted: 6 January 2020 / Published: 26 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Seeing and Reading: Art and Literature in Pre-Modern Indian Religions)
Based on a selection of examples from the sculptural art of Andhra, the paper discusses what possibly motivated the inclusion of motifs and stylistic elements from the ancient Mediterranean into the Buddhist art of the region. While in some cases such adaptations may have been driven by the need to find suitable solutions for the depiction of critical events or by the fact that a foreign motif tied in perfectly with already existing concepts, and thus, reinforced the message to be conveyed, in other cases no such reasons can be detected. Artists seem to have used foreign image types and stylistic variations deliberately to show their supreme craftsmanship or to add aesthetic sophistication to the image programme. The artists of Andhra, therefore, can by no means be regarded as epigones slavishly adhering to the examples set by the Mediterranean; the region—which is the place where narratives later spreading over large parts of Asia and Europe were first depicted—rather has to be regarded as on par with the classical cultures of Greece and Rome in terms of artistic versatility and creativity. View Full-Text
Keywords: Buddhist narrative reliefs; ancient Āndhradeśa; Gandhara; influences from Mediterranean World; Kavikumāra; Mahāpaduma-jātaka; Narrative Motifs; Rückenfigur Buddhist narrative reliefs; ancient Āndhradeśa; Gandhara; influences from Mediterranean World; Kavikumāra; Mahāpaduma-jātaka; Narrative Motifs; Rückenfigur
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Zin, M. Traces of Reciprocal Exchange: From Roman Pictorial Models to the World’s Earliest Depictions of Some Narrative Motifs in Andhra Reliefs. Religions 2020, 11, 103.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop