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Afghan-Hazara Migration and Relocation in a Globalised Australia

Centre for Arab & Islamic Studies, College of Arts & Social Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra 0200, Australia
Religions 2020, 11(12), 670;
Received: 3 November 2020 / Revised: 25 November 2020 / Accepted: 10 December 2020 / Published: 14 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Islamic and Muslim Studies in Australia)
This study examines a set of unique isolated lived-experiences to offer some general observations concerning Afghan-Hazara migration, relocation, and individuation in Australia. Culture may have the appearance of immutability. However, like any social formation, it is produced, reproduced, and contested through time. Everyone is an individual, and while we speak of the impact and culture, lived-experience is very different. People always have choices they can make about what lessons they might derive from experiences. If one faces discrimination within the realm of the state, which is historically well documented where Hazaras are concerned, one begins looking for alternative pathways to advancement. These include personalised networks in religious communities, education, and business entrepreneurship. The study analyses the fluid nature of belief systems, and the multiplicity of ways lived-experience shapes individuation and reshapes identity through pathways to advancement in a globalising Australia. View Full-Text
Keywords: migration; religion; identity; lived-experience; entrepreneurialism migration; religion; identity; lived-experience; entrepreneurialism
MDPI and ACS Style

Parkes, A. Afghan-Hazara Migration and Relocation in a Globalised Australia. Religions 2020, 11, 670.

AMA Style

Parkes A. Afghan-Hazara Migration and Relocation in a Globalised Australia. Religions. 2020; 11(12):670.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Parkes, Aidan. 2020. "Afghan-Hazara Migration and Relocation in a Globalised Australia" Religions 11, no. 12: 670.

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