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The COVID-19 Pandemic’s Impact on Religiosity in Poland

Institute of Sociological Sciences and Pedagogy, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
Faculty of Political Science and International Studies, Warsaw University, 00-927 Warsaw, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Equal contribution, alphabetical order.
Religions 2020, 11(12), 646;
Received: 17 October 2020 / Revised: 17 November 2020 / Accepted: 28 November 2020 / Published: 2 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Religions and Health/Psychology/Social Sciences)
Background: Poland is one of Europe’s most religious societies. Methods: The article presents the results of an online survey conducted in April 2020 during the period of the Polish government’s strictest restrictions to date in response to the pandemic. A quota sample of 1001 adult Poles was surveyed. Results: Around one-fifth (21.3%) of people declared that they spent more time praying and engaging in other religious practices than previously. As many as 61.3% of people who previously practiced religion several times a week spent more time on these practices, and, more interestingly, religious observance also increased among people who had previously practiced only once every few years (15.9%) and those who had not previously practiced at all (7.4%). People who previously practiced sporadically or not at all, but who began to pray more during the pandemic, are found to be distinguished from others by a greater fear of losing their job. Spending more time on religious observance is shown to be related to, e.g., disregard for some government restrictions, possession of less knowledge about COVID-19, and a greater tendency to believe in conspiracy theories. Conclusions: Overall, religious practices increased during the Polish spring lockdown. Although these increases are unlikely to be long-lasting, changes in religiosity caused by COVID-19 appear to be a real phenomenon. As the pandemic continues, more research on different aspects of this phenomenon is needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: Poland; SARS-CoV-2; religion; religiosity; pandemic Poland; SARS-CoV-2; religion; religiosity; pandemic
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MDPI and ACS Style

Boguszewski, R.; Makowska, M.; Bożewicz, M.; Podkowińska, M. The COVID-19 Pandemic’s Impact on Religiosity in Poland. Religions 2020, 11, 646.

AMA Style

Boguszewski R, Makowska M, Bożewicz M, Podkowińska M. The COVID-19 Pandemic’s Impact on Religiosity in Poland. Religions. 2020; 11(12):646.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Boguszewski, Rafał, Marta Makowska, Marta Bożewicz, and Monika Podkowińska. 2020. "The COVID-19 Pandemic’s Impact on Religiosity in Poland" Religions 11, no. 12: 646.

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