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Open AccessArticle

Association between Religion and Health in China: Using Propensity Score Matching Method

School of Business, Macau University of Science and Technology, Macau 999078, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Religions 2020, 11(1), 37;
Received: 18 September 2019 / Revised: 8 December 2019 / Accepted: 31 December 2019 / Published: 9 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Relationship between Religiosity and Mental Health)
The association between religion and health is well debated and receives continuous attention in research. Selection bias is often a major concern among the observatory data routinely used worldwide to examine this topic. Adopting the propensity score matching (PSM) method, the present study tries to assess the treatment effects of religion on self-reported health status. The final sample from the 2007 Spiritual Life Study of Chinese Residents (SLSC) contains 6194 valid responses. The average treatment effects (ATEs) estimated by the PSM method show that respondents with religious affiliations are on average significantly more likely to report being very healthy by 5.2 percentage points (by 3.6 and 9.6 percentage points among Buddhists and Protestants), especially, by 16.2 percentage points among those regarding religion as being very important in their lives. Meanwhile, ATEs of religion on reporting being very happy is 17.0 among Protestants and 13.4 among those regarding religion with high importance and 11.3 among those with “regular religious attendance”. View Full-Text
Keywords: religion; health; self-selection; propensity score matching; China religion; health; self-selection; propensity score matching; China
MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, J.H.; Zhang, H.; Liu, C.; Jiang, X.; Zhang, H.; Iwaloye, O. Association between Religion and Health in China: Using Propensity Score Matching Method. Religions 2020, 11, 37.

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