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One Religion, Two Tales: Religion and Happiness in Urban and Rural Areas of China

School of Business, Macao University of Science and Technology, Taipa, Macau 999078, China
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Religions 2019, 10(9), 532; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10090532
Received: 3 July 2019 / Revised: 25 August 2019 / Accepted: 9 September 2019 / Published: 17 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Relationship between Religiosity and Mental Health)
Most previous studies performed in Western social contexts have revealed that religion can influence an individual’s sense of happiness. Few studies have sought to clarify the influence of religion in a Chinese social context, however, and there has been no study specifically about the potential differences in the dichotomous social environments of urban and rural areas in China. Via the nationwide survey data of the 2007 Spiritual Life Study of Chinese Residents (SLSC), this study examines the association between religion and happiness among urban and rural residents of China. The results reveal that there is a generally positive association between religion and happiness among those with religious affiliations in China. Regardless of affiliation with Buddhism or Protestantism, there is a strong positive association among rural respondents, an insignificant association among urban respondents, and mixed results among town residents. View Full-Text
Keywords: religion; happiness; rural residents; urban residents; China religion; happiness; rural residents; urban residents; China
MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, J.H.; Zou, W.C.; Jiang, X.Y. One Religion, Two Tales: Religion and Happiness in Urban and Rural Areas of China. Religions 2019, 10, 532.

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