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Religions 2019, 10(1), 12; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10010012

The Educational Sociology and Political Theology of Disenchantment: From the Secularization to the Securitization of the Sacred

Department of Education, University of Oxford, 15 Norham Gardens, Oxford OX2 6PY, UK
Received: 1 December 2018 / Revised: 14 December 2018 / Accepted: 18 December 2018 / Published: 27 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Religion, Education, Security)
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Abstract

This article provides an outline theoretical synthesis of educational sociological and political theology, through the concept of ‘disenchantment’ to afford insights on critical current debates around secularization and securitization. Drawing together two originating frameworks—Max Weber’s (1918) sociological theorization of religious authority’s intellectual demise as disenchantment of the modern world and Carl Schmitt’s (1922) contemporaneous framing of a political theology—this article argues that a bringing together of these apparently disparate perspectives facilitates an understanding of securitization as a staging post in the history of the secularization of religion in education. Here an educational sociology and political theology of disenchantment thereby provides embryonic evidence of the securitization of the sacred as a staging post in the history of secularization. It is argued, in conclusion, that all these framings are a matter of decision-making in the exercise of ideological, political and theological power in and through education. Such decision-making in educational policy presents new sociological and political-theological territory for empirical and theoretical analysis of the shifting sources of authority amongst what C. Wright Mills called the “power elite”. View Full-Text
Keywords: security; secularization; securitization; enchantment; Weber; Schmitt security; secularization; securitization; enchantment; Weber; Schmitt
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Gearon, L. The Educational Sociology and Political Theology of Disenchantment: From the Secularization to the Securitization of the Sacred. Religions 2019, 10, 12.

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