Next Article in Journal
Spiritual Needs of Patients with Chronic Diseases
Next Article in Special Issue
The Duke University Religion Index (DUREL): A Five-Item Measure for Use in Epidemological Studies
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
The Santa Clara Strength of Religious Faith Questionnaire: Assessing Faith Engagement in a Brief and Nondenominational Manner
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Religions 2010, 1(1), 9-17;

Spirituality as a Resource to Rely on in Chronic Illness: The SpREUK Questionnaire

Center of Integrative Medicine, University Witten/Herdecke, Gerhard-Kienle-Weg 4, D-58313 Herdecke, Germany
Received: 28 September 2010 / Revised: 13 October 2010 / Accepted: 22 October 2010 / Published: 29 October 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Measures of Spirituality/Religiosity)
Full-Text   |   PDF [213 KB, uploaded 3 November 2010]


The SpREUK questionnaire (SpREUK is an acronym of the German translation of "Spiritual and Religious Attitudes in Dealing with Illness") was developed to investigate how patients with chronic diseases living in secular societies view the impact of spirituality in their dealing with illness (in terms of reactive coping). The aim was to operationalize and quantify patients’ search for a transcendent source of support; their reliance on such a source of help; and whether they regard their illness as a chance for reflection and subsequent change of life and behavior. The contextual 15-item SpREUK has very good internal consistency estimates (ranging from 0.86 to 0.91), and differentiates three factors, i.e., Search (for Support/Access), Trust (in Higher Guidance/Source), and Reflection (Positive Interpretation of Disease). It avoids exclusive religious terminology and appears to be a good choice for assessing patients’ interest in spiritual/religious concerns, which is not biased for or against a particular religious commitment. This reliable and valid instrument is suited for patients in secular and also in religious societies. View Full-Text
Keywords: SpREUK; spirituality; religiosity; questionnaire; coping; secular societies SpREUK; spirituality; religiosity; questionnaire; coping; secular societies
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Büssing, A. Spirituality as a Resource to Rely on in Chronic Illness: The SpREUK Questionnaire. Religions 2010, 1, 9-17.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Religions EISSN 2077-1444 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert Logo copyright Steve Bridenbaugh/UUA
Back to Top