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Article

VPP Coupling High-Fidelity Analyses and Analytical Formulations for Multihulls Sails and Appendages Optimization

1
Department of Enterprise Engineering, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, 00133 Rome, Italy
2
Design Methods—Aerospace Engineering, 98121 Messina, Italy
3
HPC Department, CINECA, 40033 Casalecchio di Reno, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Antonio Mancuso and Davide Tumino
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9(6), 607; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9060607
Received: 10 May 2021 / Revised: 26 May 2021 / Accepted: 28 May 2021 / Published: 1 June 2021
A procedure for the optimization of a catamaran’s sail plan able to provide a preliminary optimal appendages configuration is described. The method integrates a sail parametric CAD model, an automatic computational domain generator and a Velocity Prediction Program (VPP) based on a combination of sail RANS computations and analytical models. The sailing speed and course angle are obtained, with an iterative process, solving the forces and moment equilibrium system of equations. Analytical formulations for the hull forces were developed and tuned against a matrix of CFD solutions. The appendages aerodynamic polars are estimated by applying preliminary design criteria from aerospace literature. The procedure permits us to find the combination of appendages configuration, rudders setting, sail planform, shape and trim that maximise the VMG (Velocity Made Good). Two versions of the sail analysis module were implemented: one adopting commercial software and one based on the use of only Open-Source codes. The solutions of the two modules were compared to evaluate advantages and limitations of the two approaches. View Full-Text
Keywords: velocity prediction program; numerical optimization; High-Fidelity analysis; geometric parameterization; multihull design velocity prediction program; numerical optimization; High-Fidelity analysis; geometric parameterization; multihull design
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cella, U.; Salvadore, F.; Ponzini, R.; Biancolini, M.E. VPP Coupling High-Fidelity Analyses and Analytical Formulations for Multihulls Sails and Appendages Optimization. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9, 607. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9060607

AMA Style

Cella U, Salvadore F, Ponzini R, Biancolini ME. VPP Coupling High-Fidelity Analyses and Analytical Formulations for Multihulls Sails and Appendages Optimization. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2021; 9(6):607. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9060607

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cella, Ubaldo, Francesco Salvadore, Raffaele Ponzini, and Marco Evangelos Biancolini. 2021. "VPP Coupling High-Fidelity Analyses and Analytical Formulations for Multihulls Sails and Appendages Optimization" Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 9, no. 6: 607. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9060607

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