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Article

Modeling Assessment of Tidal Energy Extraction in the Western Passage

1
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 1100 Dexter Avenue North, Suite 500, Seattle, WA 98109, USA
2
The National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO 80401, USA
3
School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, North Ave NW, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA
4
School of Marine Sciences, University of Maine, 168 College Ave, Orono, ME 04469, USA
5
Key Laboratory of Coastal Disaster and Defence, Hohai University, Ministry of Education, 1 Xikang Road, Nanjing 210098, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8(6), 411; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8060411
Received: 19 May 2020 / Revised: 1 June 2020 / Accepted: 3 June 2020 / Published: 5 June 2020
Numerical models have been widely used for the resource characterization and assessment of tidal instream energy. The accurate assessment of tidal stream energy resources at a feasibility or project-design scale requires detailed hydrodynamic model simulations or high-quality field measurements. This study applied a three-dimensional finite-volume community ocean model (FVCOM) to simulate the tidal hydrodynamics in the Passamaquoddy–Cobscook Bay archipelago, with a focus on the Western Passage, to assist tidal energy resource assessment. IEC Technical specifications were considered in the model configurations and simulations. The model was calibrated and validated with field measurements. Energy fluxes and power densities along selected cross sections were calculated to evaluate the feasibility of the tidal energy development at several hotspots that feature strong currents. When taking both the high current speed and water depth into account, the model results showed that the Western Passage has great potential for the deployment of tidal energy farms. The maximum extractable power in the Western Passage was estimated using the Garrett and Cummins method. Different criteria and methods recommended by the IEC for resource characterization were evaluated and discussed using a sensitivity analysis of energy extraction for a hypothetical tidal turbine farm in the Western Passage. View Full-Text
Keywords: tidal energy; Western Passage; resource characterization; numerical modeling; FVCOM tidal energy; Western Passage; resource characterization; numerical modeling; FVCOM
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, Z.; Wang, T.; Xiao, Z.; Kilcher, L.; Haas, K.; Xue, H.; Feng, X. Modeling Assessment of Tidal Energy Extraction in the Western Passage. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8, 411. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8060411

AMA Style

Yang Z, Wang T, Xiao Z, Kilcher L, Haas K, Xue H, Feng X. Modeling Assessment of Tidal Energy Extraction in the Western Passage. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2020; 8(6):411. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8060411

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yang, Zhaoqing; Wang, Taiping; Xiao, Ziyu; Kilcher, Levi; Haas, Kevin; Xue, Huijie; Feng, Xi. 2020. "Modeling Assessment of Tidal Energy Extraction in the Western Passage" J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 8, no. 6: 411. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8060411

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