Next Article in Journal
Epibenthic Harmful Marine Dinoflagellates from Fuerteventura (Canary Islands), with Special Reference to the Ciguatoxin-Producing Gambierdiscus
Previous Article in Journal
EAT BREATHE EXCRETE REPEAT: Physiological Responses of the Mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis to Diclofenac and Ocean Acidification
Review

Boating- and Shipping-Related Environmental Impacts and Example Management Measures: A Review

1
5/66 Surf Parade, Broadbeach, QLD 4218, Australia
2
Ocean Science & Technology, RPS, P.O. Box 5692, Gold Coast MC, QLD 9726, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8(11), 908; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8110908
Received: 21 October 2020 / Revised: 4 November 2020 / Accepted: 10 November 2020 / Published: 12 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Ocean Engineering)
Boating and shipping operations, their associated activities and supporting infrastructure present a potential for environmental impacts. Such impacts include physical changes to bottom substrate and habitats from sources such as anchoring and mooring and vessel groundings, alterations to the physico-chemical properties of the water column and aquatic biota through the application of antifouling paints, operational and accidental discharges (ballast and bilge water, hydrocarbons, garbage and sewage), fauna collisions, and various other disturbances. Various measures exist to sustainably manage these impacts. In addition to a review of associated boating- and shipping-related environmental impacts, this paper provides an outline of the government- and industry-related measures relevant to achieving positive outcomes in an Australian context. Historically, direct regulations have been used to cover various environmental impacts associated with commercial, industrial, and recreational boating and shipping operations (e.g., MARPOL). The effectiveness of this approach is the degree to which compliance can be effectively monitored and enforced. To be effective, environmental managers require a comprehensive understanding of the full range of instruments available, and the respective roles they play in helping achieve positive environmental outcomes, including the pros and cons of the various regulatory alternatives. View Full-Text
Keywords: anti-fouling treatments; benthic disturbance; coastal environments; environmental management; hydrocarbon pollution; MARPOL; species translocation; sewage discharge; water quality; wildlife impacts anti-fouling treatments; benthic disturbance; coastal environments; environmental management; hydrocarbon pollution; MARPOL; species translocation; sewage discharge; water quality; wildlife impacts
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Byrnes, T.A.; Dunn, R.J.K. Boating- and Shipping-Related Environmental Impacts and Example Management Measures: A Review. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8, 908. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8110908

AMA Style

Byrnes TA, Dunn RJK. Boating- and Shipping-Related Environmental Impacts and Example Management Measures: A Review. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2020; 8(11):908. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8110908

Chicago/Turabian Style

Byrnes, Troy A., and Ryan J.K. Dunn 2020. "Boating- and Shipping-Related Environmental Impacts and Example Management Measures: A Review" Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 8, no. 11: 908. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8110908

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop