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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Early Closing of the Inlet Valve on Fuel Consumption and Temperature in a Medium Speed Marine Diesel Engine Cylinder

1
Faculty of Maritime Studies, University of Rijeka, Studentska ulica 2, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
2
Faculty of Engineering, University of Rijeka, Vukovarska 58, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8(10), 747; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8100747
Received: 3 September 2020 / Revised: 18 September 2020 / Accepted: 24 September 2020 / Published: 26 September 2020
The energy efficiency and environmental friendliness of medium-speed marine diesel engines are to be improved through the application of various measures and technologies. Special attention will be paid to the reduction in NOx in order to comply with the conditions of the MARPOL Convention, Annex VI. The reduction in NOx emissions will be achieved by the application of primary and secondary measures. The primary measures relate to the process in the engine, while the secondary measures are based on the reduction in NOx emissions through the after-treatment of exhaust gases. Some primary measures such as exhaust gas recirculation, adding water to the fuel or injecting water into the cylinder give good results in reducing NOx emissions, but generally lead to an increase in fuel consumption. In contrast to the aforementioned methods, the use of an earlier inlet valve closure, referred to in the literature as the Miller process, not only reduces NOx emissions, but also increases the efficiency of the engine in conjunction with appropriate turbochargers. A previously developed numerical model to simulate diesel engine operation is used to analyse the effects of the Miller process on engine performance. Although the numerical model cannot completely replace experimental research, it is an effective tool for verifying the influence of various input parameters on engine performance. In this paper, the effect of an earlier closing of the intake valve and an increase in inlet manifold pressure on fuel consumption, pressure and temperature in the engine cylinder under steady-state conditions is analysed. The results obtained with the numerical model show the justification for using the Miller processes to reduce NOx emissions and fuel consumption. View Full-Text
Keywords: marine diesel engine; Miller process; fuel consumption; nitrogen oxides marine diesel engine; Miller process; fuel consumption; nitrogen oxides
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pelić, V.; Mrakovčić, T.; Medica-Viola, V.; Valčić, M. Effect of Early Closing of the Inlet Valve on Fuel Consumption and Temperature in a Medium Speed Marine Diesel Engine Cylinder. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8, 747. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8100747

AMA Style

Pelić V, Mrakovčić T, Medica-Viola V, Valčić M. Effect of Early Closing of the Inlet Valve on Fuel Consumption and Temperature in a Medium Speed Marine Diesel Engine Cylinder. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2020; 8(10):747. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8100747

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pelić, Vladimir; Mrakovčić, Tomislav; Medica-Viola, Vedran; Valčić, Marko. 2020. "Effect of Early Closing of the Inlet Valve on Fuel Consumption and Temperature in a Medium Speed Marine Diesel Engine Cylinder" J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 8, no. 10: 747. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8100747

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