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Article

An Innovative IMTA System: Polychaetes, Sponges and Macroalgae Co-Cultured in a Southern Italian In-Shore Mariculture Plant (Ionian Sea)

1
Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Technologies, University of Salento, Via Provinciale Lecce-Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy
2
Department of Biology, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Via Orabona 4, 70125 Bari, Italy
3
Maricoltura Mar Grande Scarl, Via Jonio, 74100 San Vito (TA), Italy
4
Institute for Water Research (IRSA)—CNR, Via Roma 3, 74123 Taranto, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8(10), 733; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8100733
Received: 6 September 2020 / Revised: 18 September 2020 / Accepted: 21 September 2020 / Published: 23 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Perspectives in Sustainable Aquaculture)
In this paper, we report data from the first year of rearing of a set of filter feeder bioremediator organisms: macrobenthic invertebrates (sabellid polychaetes and sponges), coupled with macroalgae, realized in a mariculture fish farm. This innovative integrated multi-trophic aquaculture (IMTA) system was realized at a preindustrial level in the Gulf of Taranto (southern Italy, northern Ionian Sea), within the framework of the EU Remedia Life project. Long lines containing different collector typologies were placed around the fish breeding cages. Vertical collectors were utilized for both polychaetes and sponges, whilst macroalgae were cultivated in horizontal collectors. Data on the growth and mortality of the target species after the first year of rearing and cultivation are given together with their biomass estimation. Polychaete biomass was obtained from natural settlement on ropes previously hung in the system, while sponges and macroalgae were derived from explants and/or inocules inserted in the collectors. The description of the successional pattern occurring on collectors used for settling until reaching a “stable” point is also described, with indications of additional filter feeder macroinvertebrates other than polychaetes and sponges that are easily obtainable and useful in the system as bioremediators as well. The results demonstrate an easy, natural obtaining of large biomass of sabellid polychaetes settling especially from about a 4 to 10 m depth. Sponges and macroalgae need to be periodically cleaned from the fouling covering. The macroalgae cycle was different from that of invertebrates and requires the cultivation of two different species with about a 6-month cycle for each one. The present study represents one of the first attempts at IMTA in the Mediterranean area where invertebrates and macroalgae are co-cultured in an inshore fish farm. Possible utilization of the produced biomass is also suggested. View Full-Text
Keywords: integrated multi-trophic aquaculture; Mediterranean Sea; sponges; polychaetae; macroalgae; bioremediation integrated multi-trophic aquaculture; Mediterranean Sea; sponges; polychaetae; macroalgae; bioremediation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Giangrande, A.; Pierri, C.; Arduini, D.; Borghese, J.; Licciano, M.; Trani, R.; Corriero, G.; Basile, G.; Cecere, E.; Petrocelli, A.; Stabili, L.; Longo, C. An Innovative IMTA System: Polychaetes, Sponges and Macroalgae Co-Cultured in a Southern Italian In-Shore Mariculture Plant (Ionian Sea). J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8, 733. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8100733

AMA Style

Giangrande A, Pierri C, Arduini D, Borghese J, Licciano M, Trani R, Corriero G, Basile G, Cecere E, Petrocelli A, Stabili L, Longo C. An Innovative IMTA System: Polychaetes, Sponges and Macroalgae Co-Cultured in a Southern Italian In-Shore Mariculture Plant (Ionian Sea). Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2020; 8(10):733. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8100733

Chicago/Turabian Style

Giangrande, Adriana, Cataldo Pierri, Daniele Arduini, Jacopo Borghese, Margherita Licciano, Roberta Trani, Giuseppe Corriero, Grazia Basile, Ester Cecere, Antonella Petrocelli, Loredana Stabili, and Caterina Longo. 2020. "An Innovative IMTA System: Polychaetes, Sponges and Macroalgae Co-Cultured in a Southern Italian In-Shore Mariculture Plant (Ionian Sea)" Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 8, no. 10: 733. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8100733

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