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Mapping of Ecological Vulnerability of Sea-Coastal Zones to Oil Spills: A Preliminary Method Applied to Kola Bay, the Barents Sea

Engineering Ecology Laboratory, Murmansk Marine Biological Institute of the Kola Science Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences (MMBI KSC RAS), 183010 Murmansk, Russia
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J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2019, 7(7), 216; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse7070216
Received: 14 June 2019 / Revised: 8 July 2019 / Accepted: 9 July 2019 / Published: 12 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coastal Zone Management)
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Abstract

Preparedness for oil spill response is a challenge for many coastal countries. Responders are unable to take effective action unless maps that indicate areas with different vulnerability to oil pollution are available. Such maps, developed in many countries, are usually based on calculations with rank (ordinal) values. However, arithmetic operations with them cannot be allowed. The article describes a method of constructing maps using metric values. The calculations take into account the biomass and the quantity of important biota components, especially significant socio-economic objects and protected areas. The biota distribution densities are represented in the identical units. The vulnerability factors are assessed based on the potential impact of spilled oil on biota, as well as its sensitivity and recoverability after disturbance. The proposed method takes into account the different sensitivity of biota inhabiting in the water column and on the sea surface. Oil vulnerability maps for Kola Bay using the proposed algorithm are presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: vulnerability maps of sea-coastal zones to oil; integrated vulnerability; sensitivity of biota; potential impact of oil; recoverability of biota; especially significant socio-economic objects; Kola Bay vulnerability maps of sea-coastal zones to oil; integrated vulnerability; sensitivity of biota; potential impact of oil; recoverability of biota; especially significant socio-economic objects; Kola Bay
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Shavykin, A.; Karnatov, A. Mapping of Ecological Vulnerability of Sea-Coastal Zones to Oil Spills: A Preliminary Method Applied to Kola Bay, the Barents Sea. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2019, 7, 216.

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