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Numerical Study on the Natural Convection of Air in a Cubic Cavity Subjected to a Yawing Motion

1
School of Design, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
2
Merchant Marine College, Shanghai Maritime University, Shanghai 201306, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2019, 7(7), 204; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse7070204
Received: 27 May 2019 / Revised: 27 June 2019 / Accepted: 27 June 2019 / Published: 1 July 2019
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Abstract

Natural convections subjected to multi-Degree of Freedom (DoF) motion are much more complex than those in static case, and those subjected to yawing motion are the simplest and ideal case for investigating their characteristics due to less interactive parameters. In this paper, the characteristic of natural convection under yawing motion was studied systematically to clarify the interaction between yawing motion and thermal-dynamic behavior. First of all, the mathematical model was established in a non-inertial coordinate system, and the dimensionless governing equations were derived. Subsequently, the governing equations were discretized in the framework of the finite volume method, and a computer code was developed and validated. After that, the natural convection under yawing motion was calculated with different combinations of dimensionless parameters, and the influence of rotation frequency and amplitude on heat and mass transfer was investigated. It was found that the yawing motion plays a notable role in flow and heat transfer, depending on the relative magnitudes of rotation-induced velocity and buoyancy-induced velocity: At a lower Rayleigh number of 104, the Nusselt number on hot boundary is enhanced by approximately 25% when the rotation period is changed from 12 s to 2 s; while the changing in rotation period from 12 s to 2 s did not induce obvious difference in hot-boundary Nusselt number for a higher Rayleigh number of 105. It is concluded that the vertical-axis harmonic rotation enhances heat transfer if the rotation-induced velocity dominates the flow. The clarification of natural convection characteristic in yawing motion provides convenience for analyzing that in other multi-DoF systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: natural convection; yawing motion; vertical-axis harmonic rotation; non-inertial coordinate system natural convection; yawing motion; vertical-axis harmonic rotation; non-inertial coordinate system
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Yu, G.; Zhang, L.; Jia, S.; Geng, Y.; Liu, J. Numerical Study on the Natural Convection of Air in a Cubic Cavity Subjected to a Yawing Motion. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2019, 7, 204.

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