Next Article in Journal
Numerical Analyses of Wave Generation and Vortex Formation under the Action of Viscous Fluid Flows over a Depression
Previous Article in Journal
Storm Waves at the Shoreline: When and Where Are Infragravity Waves Important?
Previous Article in Special Issue
On the Assessment of Numerical Wave Makers in CFD Simulations
Open AccessArticle

Effect of Girder Spacing and Depth on the Solitary Wave Impact on Coastal Bridge Deck for Different Airgaps

1
Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai 400076, India
2
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), NO-7491 Trondheim, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2019, 7(5), 140; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse7050140
Received: 16 April 2019 / Revised: 6 May 2019 / Accepted: 7 May 2019 / Published: 11 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Computational Fluid Dynamics for Ocean Surface Waves)
  |  
PDF [4429 KB, uploaded 11 May 2019]
  |  

Abstract

Coastal bridge damage has become a severe issue of concern in the recent past with the destruction of a considerable number of bridges under the impact of waves during tsunami and storm surges. These events have become more frequent, with waves reaching the bridge deck and causing upliftment and destruction. Past studies have demonstrated the establishment of various theoretical equations which works well for the submerged deck and regular wave types but show much scatter and uncertainty in case of a deck that is above still water level (SWL). The present study aims to generate a solitary wave to represent an extreme wave condition like a tsunami in the numerical wave tank modeled using the open source computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model REEF3D and to study the vertical impact force on the coastal bridge deck. A parametric study is carried out for increasing wave heights, girders spacing and depth for varying airgaps to analyze the effect of these parameters on the peak vertical impact force. It is observed that increasing the girder spacing and girder depth is effective in reducing the peak vertical impact force for the cases considered. View Full-Text
Keywords: air entrapment; Airgap; extreme wave; computational fluid dynamics (CFD) air entrapment; Airgap; extreme wave; computational fluid dynamics (CFD)
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Moideen, R.; Ranjan Behera, M.; Kamath, A.; Bihs, H. Effect of Girder Spacing and Depth on the Solitary Wave Impact on Coastal Bridge Deck for Different Airgaps. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2019, 7, 140.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. EISSN 2077-1312 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top