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Evaluation of the Viscous Drag for a Domed Cylindrical Moored Wave Energy Converter

Centre for Marine and Renewable Energy (MaREI), University College Cork, T12 Cork, Ireland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2019, 7(4), 120;
Received: 14 March 2019 / Revised: 11 April 2019 / Accepted: 16 April 2019 / Published: 25 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nonlinear Numerical Modelling of Wave Energy Converters)
PDF [956 KB, uploaded 26 April 2019]


Viscous drag, nonlinear in nature, is an important aspect of the fluid–structure interaction modelling and is usually not taken into account when the fluid is assumed to be inviscid. Potential flow solvers can competently compute radiation damping, which is related to the radiated wave field. However, the drag damping primarily related to the viscous effects is usually neglected in the radiation/diffraction problems solved by the boundary element method (BEM), also known as the boundary integral element method (BIEM). This drag force can have a significant impact in the case of structures extending much deeper below the free surface, or for those that are completely submerged. In this paper, the drag coefficient C d was quantified for the heave and surge response of a structure which consists of a moored horizontally oriented domed cylinder with two surface piercing square columns located at the top surface. The domed cylinder is the primary part and is submerged. The drag coefficient is estimated using the experimental measurements related to harmonic monochromatic wave–structure interaction. Finally, this estimated drag coefficient was used in the modified time domain model, which includes the nonlinear viscous correction term, and the resulting device response in heave and surge directions is presented for an irregular incoming wave field. The comparison of the numerical model and the experiments validates the estimated C d values obtained earlier. Prior to the time domain model, frequency-dependent parameters such as added mass, radiation damping, and excitation force were computed using three mainstream potential flow packages (that is, ANSYS AQWA, WAMIT, and NEMOH), and a comparison is presented. The effect of free surface on the drag coefficient is investigated through differences in C d values between heave and surge modes. View Full-Text
Keywords: WAMIT; NEMOH; ANSYS AQWA; numerical modelling; wave–structure interaction; Morison equation; viscous drag WAMIT; NEMOH; ANSYS AQWA; numerical modelling; wave–structure interaction; Morison equation; viscous drag

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Bhinder, M.A.; Murphy, J. Evaluation of the Viscous Drag for a Domed Cylindrical Moored Wave Energy Converter. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2019, 7, 120.

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