Next Article in Journal
Bridge Scour Identification and Field Application Based on Ambient Vibration Measurements of Superstructures
Previous Article in Journal
Evaluation of the Viscous Drag for a Domed Cylindrical Moored Wave Energy Converter
Previous Article in Special Issue
Preliminary Study on the Contribution of External Forces to Ship Behavior
Article Menu
Issue 4 (April) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessCase Report

Environmental Management Systems and Balanced Scorecard: An Integrated Analysis of the Marine Transport

1
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Podgorica, University of Montenegro, Cetinjska 2, 81000 Podgorica, Montenegro
2
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Bologna, viale Risorgimento 2, 40136 Bologna, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2019, 7(4), 119; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse7040119
Received: 19 February 2019 / Revised: 26 March 2019 / Accepted: 23 April 2019 / Published: 25 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Engineering Mathematics in Ship Design)
  |  
PDF [2498 KB, uploaded 25 April 2019]
  |  

Abstract

Critical aspects of the environment can reduce the efficiency of Environmental Management Systems (EMS) when applied to Marine Transport. Accordingly, this paper focuses on the improvement of the traditional EMS approach through the usage of Balanced Scorecard (BSC). The BSC represents a managing tool able to measure and increase organizational performance, taking into consideration environmental aspects. The proposed method, based on the ISO 14001 standard, allows management of environmental metrics through conventional BSC systems and it is applied to the biggest organization for marine transport in Montenegro as a case study methodology. In this qualitative investigation, particular attention was paid to creating EMS criteria able to orient the complete business operation of the organization but also to test their potential linkage to the conventional BSC approach. Four models of the BSC were created, each one including to a different extent the issue of environmental protection. Finally, an expert’s evaluation of model efficiency, based on the ISO 9126, was carried out. As a result, the best ranked model is recommended for the selection of an approach toward environmental protection based on the use of the EMS metric in a conventional BSC system. This method—in short ECO-BSC—was developed for the specific benefit of those organizations operating on the marine transport market. View Full-Text
Keywords: marine transport; environmental management system; balanced scorecard; ISO 14001; ISO 9126; ISO 14598; AHP method; MCDM method marine transport; environmental management system; balanced scorecard; ISO 14001; ISO 9126; ISO 14598; AHP method; MCDM method
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Šaković Jovanović, J.; Fragassa, C.; Krivokapić, Z.; Vujović, A. Environmental Management Systems and Balanced Scorecard: An Integrated Analysis of the Marine Transport. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2019, 7, 119.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. EISSN 2077-1312 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top